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American Geography and Geographers

Geoffrey J. Martin

Published in print February 2015 | ISBN: 9780195336023
Published online August 2015 | e-ISBN: 9780190269920 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336023.001.0001
American Geography and Geographers

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  • History of the Americas
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Commencing in the 1820’s, American scholars took learning in Germany. There they confronted forms of geography in the universities, and learned of the normal school tradition. Upon their return to North America the normal school was introduced and with it came an early and simplistic variety of geography. Gradually courses geographic in nature began to emerge from the geology offering. Binomial departments, geology-geography, began to emerge. Early content of the geographic offering included delimitation of both the physiographic province and the geographic region. Then came study of economic geography, and development of environmentalism. The 14-18 war involved geography and geographers both on the battlefield and in negotiations with other delegations for the terms of peace. Then the AGS completed a map of Hispanic America (1—1 million) prior to 1945. The Society also made an extended study of the pioneer fringe and pioneer belts in the context of establishing a science of settlement, all of which had relevance for the redistribution of displaced persons resultant to World War II. It was in the 1920’s that both ecologic and political factors began earnestly to create individual genres of the geographic, all of which encouraged Bowman, and more especially R. Hartshorne to write books concerning the nature of geography. Substantial numbers of geographers were employed in World War II, largely in OSS. While in Washington DC, many active geographers who were not AAG members felt disenfranchised. Rigorous competitive activity on their part led to amalgamation of two organizations, the Association of American Geographers and the American Society for Professional Geographers. Then came a renewed quest for definition of the field. “Envoi” concludes the work with guidance to a multiplicity of archival holdings, their lodgment, extent and significance.

Keywords: geography; physiography; normal school; region; environmentalism; World War; Hispanic America; pioneer settlement; ecology; archival sources

Book.  1240 pages.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas ; History of Science and Technology

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The Physiographic Provinces in American Geography and Geographers

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The Path to War, 1914–1918 in American Geography and Geographers

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The Path to Peace, 1917–1920 in American Geography and Geographers

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