Chapter

Analyzing musical prodigiousness using Gagné’s Integrative Model of Talent Development

Françoys Gagné and Gary E. McPherson

in Musical Prodigies

Published in print September 2016 | ISBN: 9780199685851
Published online January 2017 | e-ISBN: 9780191806049 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685851.003.0001
Analyzing musical prodigiousness using Gagné’s Integrative Model of Talent Development

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We survey three interlocking talent development models: the Differentiating Model of Giftedness and Talent (DMGT), the Developmental Model for Natural Abilities (DMNA), and their merging into a Comprehensive Model of Talent Development (CMTD). The authors use the CMTD framework to analyse the phenomenon of musical prodigiousness, defined as a quantitatively extreme level of talent (T component). We then explore the gifts (G component) that contribute to musical prodigiousness, as well as its typical developmental process (D component). Two types of catalytic causal influences are explored: intrapersonal characteristics (I component) and environmental influences (E component). Within each section, we briefly discuss the biological foundations of the various constructs. We finally integrate these five analyses into a dynamic developmental perspective and propose a tentative answer to the key question: “Which causal influences better ‘explain’ the early manifestation and development of musical prodigiousness?” In other words: “What makes a difference?”

Keywords: DMGT; DMNA; CMDT; musical prodigy; giftedness; musical talent; talent development; intrapersonal catalysts; environmental influences; music performance; composition

Chapter.  67240 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Music Theory and Analysis ; Developmental Psychology

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