Article

Demographics

Gunnar Almgren and Ji Young Kang

in Encyclopedia of Social Work

Published by NASW Press and Oxford University Press


Published online June 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199975839 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199975839.013.103

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This entry provides a brief overview of the field of social demography, the components of population change, projections for future population growth, and recent transformations in population composition pertaining to age, race, and ethnicity. Trends that shape family household structure (for example, marriage, divorce, cohabitation, and nonmarital child bearing) are also considered, as are trends pertaining to the distribution of income, wealth, and poverty. Population trends given particular attention include the growth of class-based disparities in marriage and nonmarital child bearing, the contributions of immigration to population growth and diversity, and a disturbing increase over recent decades in the prevalence of poverty among children of immigrants.

Keywords: demography; components of population change; population growth; population composition; population aging; old-age dependency ratio; longevity; immigration; single-parent households; marriage; divorce; cohabitation; nonmarital births; teen-aged births; income distribution; wealth distribution; poverty; child poverty; family household structure

Article.  5126 words. 

Subjects: Social Policy and Advocacy ; Social Work Practice Settings ; Race and Ethnicity ; Social Work Research and Evidence-based Practice

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