Perineal pain and discomfort

Murray Enkin, Marc J. N. C. Keirse, James Neilson, Caroline Crowther, Lelia Duley, Ellen Hodnett and Justus Hofmeyr

in A Guide to Effective Care in Pregnancy and Childbirth

Third edition

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print June 2000 | ISBN: 9780192631732
Published online July 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191769726 | DOI:
Perineal pain and discomfort

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  • Primary Care
  • Midwifery
  • Pain Medicine


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Chapter 47 covers perineal pain and discomfort, including local applications (non-pharmacological applications, local antiseptics, local anesthetics, combinations of local anesthetics and topical steroids), local physiotherapies (relief of pressure on the perineum, ultrasound and pulsed electromagnetic energy, pelvic floor exercises), and treatments taken by mouth (herbal preparations, proteolytic enzymes, and oral analgesics).

Chapter.  3164 words. 

Subjects: Primary Care ; Midwifery ; Pain Medicine

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