Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis

Su Min Cho and Ali Al-Khafaji

in ICU Care of Abdominal Organ Transplant Patients

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print January 2013 | ISBN: 9780199768899
Published online August 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199352913 | DOI:

Series: Pittsburgh Critical Care Medicine

Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis

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  • Critical Care
  • Transplant Surgery
  • Medical Microbiology and Virology


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Chapter 1 discusses how patients with end-stage liver disease (ESLD) have significant immune dysfunction, higher rates of infection, and sepsis. Any infection likely worsens liver function per se, including contributing to risk of variceal bleeding. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is the most common infection in patients with ESLD and can precipitate decompensation. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis can present with no or vague symptoms, and clinical examination alone cannot exclude SBP.

Chapter.  422 words. 

Subjects: Critical Care ; Transplant Surgery ; Medical Microbiology and Virology

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