Article

Alfred Blumstein

Robert Brame

in Criminology

ISBN: 9780195396607
Published online July 2016 | | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/obo/9780195396607-0202
Alfred Blumstein

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Alfred “Al” Blumstein’s career contributions stand at the intersection of operations research, policy analysis, and criminology. A member of the National Academy of Engineering who has served as the president of four major academic societies, Al was born in 1930 and raised in New York City. He received his bachelor’s degree in engineering physics at Cornell in 1951 and embarked on a PhD at Cornell in the emerging field of operations research. He completed his studies in 1960 with a dissertation focused on air traffic and airport runway landing capacity. Al’s first significant engagement with crime research arose in his leadership of the Institute for Defense Analysis’s (IDA) Science and Technology Task Force in President Lyndon Johnson’s Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice in 1966. Since that time, Al has spent most of his career working on issues related to crime and criminal justice policy. In 1969, Al left the IDA and joined the faculty of Carnegie Mellon University where—after nearly fifty years—he remains today. Since the mid-20th century, Al’s research has contributed to an improved understanding of the criminal justice process, the theoretical ideas of deterrence and incapacitation, and criminal justice policies related to sentencing, criminal offending careers, racial disparities in the criminal justice system, crime rates, and criminal recidivism.

Article.  5640 words. 

Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice ; Criminal Justice ; Criminology

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