Archaeology of the Métis

Kisha Supernant

Published online January 2018 | | DOI:

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  • North American Archaeology
  • Race and Ethnicity


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This article reviews the history of Métis archaeological research in Canada. The Métis of Canada arose as a distinct Indigenous identity in the postcontact period and provide an interesting archaeological case study to explore how and why new cultures emerge. Previous research attempted to correlate patterns in material culture with Métis identity, particularly in terms of economy, use of space, and certain artifact types. New research has the potential to take a more nuanced approach to the process of identification among the Métis, to contribute to a broad understanding of ethnogenesis, and to do research that is relevant to the contemporary Métis community, as well as the discipline of historical archaeology.

Keywords: Métis archaeology; historical archaeology; Canada; ethnogenesis; material culture; Métis identity

Article.  9435 words. 

Subjects: North American Archaeology ; Race and Ethnicity

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