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Access and quality issues in early childhood education and care

Pamela Oberhuemer

in An equal start?

Published by Policy Press

Published in print January 2014 | ISBN: 9781447310518
Published online September 2014 | e-ISBN: 9781447310549 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781447310518.003.0006
Access and quality issues in early childhood education and care

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This chapter examines the extent to which disadvantaged children are able to access high quality early childhood education and care in Germany. Germany is experiencing a rapid expansion of provision in the ECEC sector, particularly in the western part of the country, where levels of provision were traditionally low. All children are now entitled to a nursery or family day care place from the age of three, and that entitlement is to be extended downwards to reach children age one and two. However, thus far, it is mostly higher income families who access ECEC for younger children, in part because mothers in these families are most likely to be employed. Young children with a migration background are much less likely than their peers to be enrolled both before and after age three. The chapter also describes developments to improve the quality of provision, including the innovative work of the National Quality Initiative.

Keywords: early childhood education; disadvantaged children; ECEC; high quality education and care; Germany; National Quality Initiative

Chapter.  9046 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Marriage and the Family

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