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climax community

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climax theory

Overview page. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry — Ecology and Conservation.

A theory that embraces the idea of successional development to an optimum sustainable vegetation community that is in equilibrium with its environment. Two conceptual models of climax...

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climax vegetation

Overview page. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry — Ecology and Conservation.

If a bare surface becomes available for colonization by plants, the vegetation will pass through a succession of so-called seral stages as more complex communities replace the earlier,...

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consocies

Overview page. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry — Ecology and Conservation.

A little used term, derived from the Clementsian scheme for vegetation classification, that refers to a seral community in the succession to a climax community with consociation status. See...

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fire climax

Overview page. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry — Ecology and Conservation.

(pyroclimax)

A climax community for which fire is the dominating control factor, as in the long-leaf pine forests of the USA. Fire is also thought to be an important determining...

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Frederic Edward Clements

Overview page. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry — Ecology and Conservation.

(1874–1945)

An American botanist and ecologist whose Research Methods in Ecology (1905) was the first work to deal fully with field experiments. Clements maintained that a plant...

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plagioclimax

Overview page. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry — Ecology and Conservation.

A term that is almost synonymous with biotic climax, although they are sometimes given different meanings. Generally, both refer to a stable vegetation community arising from a succession...

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plant association

Overview page. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry — Ecology and Conservation.

1 In the Zurich–Montpellier school of phytosociology, the basic unit of vegetation, an abstract entity that is defined floristically from field data or relevés. Each...

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retrogression

Overview page. Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry — Ecology and Conservation.

A successional change, usually from an existing climax community, leading to a less diverse and less structurally complex community. The change frequently involves a reduction in biomass....

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subclimax

Overview page. Subjects: Environmental Science — Plant Sciences and Forestry.

A form of arrested development of vegetation, where a succession has been retarded or inhibited by natural arresting factors such as natural fires, storms, or lack of long‐term...

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