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Alchimia

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture — Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

Italian ‘New Wave’ co-operative design group (1976–91), founded in Milan by Alessandro Guerriero, Mendini, Sottsass, and others, also called Studio Alchymia. One of its aims was to make and...

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Alessandro Mendini

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

(1931– )

Mendini played an important role in Italian avant‐garde design of the 1970s and 1980s, particularly in association with the Milan‐based Studio Alchimia established in...

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Andrea Branzi

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

(1938– )

A highly influential Italian architect, designer, and theorist since the late 1960s, Branzi has been involved with many progressive elements of Italian design. These...

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Anti-Design

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

This movement originated in Italy in the 1960s as a reaction against what many avant‐garde designers saw as the impoverished language of Modernism, the emphasis placed on style and the...

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Boilerhouse

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

(1982–7)

Directed by Stephen Bayley and supported by the Conran Foundation, the Boilerhouse Project at the Victoria and Albert Museum ran from 1982 to 1987. Set in a light and...

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Design Museum

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

(established 1989)

The origins of this enterprise lay in the Boilerhouse Project at the Victoria and Albert Museum, which ran from 1982 to 1987. A showcase for modern design, the...

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Ernesto Gismondi

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

(1931– )

Italian designer and engineer Gismondi played an important role in progressive design circles. Having undertaken aeronautical and aerospace studies in Milan (graduating in...

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Ettore Sottsass

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art — Architecture.

(1917– ).

Australian-born architect, active in Italy. He established his own firm in Milan (1947), designing artefacts, exhibitions, and interiors. Among his works were...

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Global Tools

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

(1973–5)

Planned as a series of experimental design laboratories or counter‐school of architecture and design, its Italian founder members appeared on the May 1973 cover of the...

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Hans Hollein

Overview page. Subjects: Architecture — Industrial and Commercial Art.

(1934– ).

Austrian architect. He established his reputation with small, well-crafted shops, including the Retti Candle Shop (1964–5), Schullin Jewellery Shop with its ‘cracked’...

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Javier Mariscal

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

(1950– )

Born in Valencia, Javier Mariscal is one of the most widely recognized Spanish designers of the late 20th century, coming to international attention with his 1988 graphic...

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kitsch

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

Art, objects, or design considered to be in poor taste because of excessive garishness or sentimentality, but sometimes appreciated in an ironic or knowing way. The word comes (in the...

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Masanori Umeda

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

(1941– )

Although he trained in Japan, graduating from the Kuwasama Design School in Tokyo in 1962, Umeda established a reputation in the West, particularly through his...

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Matteo Thun

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

(1952– )

Thun emerged as a leading Italian industrial designer in the last two decades of the 20th century, working as a consultant to several larger multinationals eager to...

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Michael Graves

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Architecture.

(1934– ).

One of the most controversial US architects. He was identified as one of the New York Five, and first came to prominence with a series of private houses in which themes...

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Michele De Lucchi

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

(1951– )

One of the leading figures of Italian avant‐garde design of the 1970s and 1980s associated with the Anti‐Design movement, Radical Design, and the experimental ideas of...

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plastic

Overview page. Subjects: Art.

Term applied to certain synthetic materials that can be moulded in various ways, including being used in sculpture. The earliest such use is credited to the British chemist Alexander Parkes...

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Shiro Kuramata

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

(1934–91)

An internationally recognized Japanese furniture and interior designer, Kuramata studied woodwork in Tokyo Polytechnic High School before finding employment in the...

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Studio Alchimia

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

(established 1976)

Founded by Alessandro and Adriana Guerriero and Bruno and Giorgio Gregori in 1976, this Milan‐based avant‐garde experimental design group worked outside the...

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