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Messalians

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Alexander the Akoimetos

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Archimandrite and saint; died Gomon, Bithynia, ca.430; feastday 20 Feb., although not included in the Synaxarion of Constantinople. An islander by birth, Alexander was educated in...

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Atticus

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(d. 425), Patr. of Constantinople from 406.

Though a bitter opponent of St John Chrysostom, he realized that the quarrel with Rome over Chrysostom's condemnation weakened the...

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Barlaam of Calabria

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(c.1290–1350) Italian humanist and Orthodox theologian, who advocated ecclesiastical union with Rome.

He left Calabria for Constantinople in 1330 and became abbot of the Soter...

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Basil, Rule of St

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity.

The monastic Rule put forward by St Basil the Great, which is the basis of the usual Rule followed by religious in the E. Church. The most widespread form of the Rule consists of various...

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Bogomils

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

A member of a heretical medieval Balkan sect professing a modified form of Manichaeism. The name is recorded from the mid 19th century, and comes from medieval Greek Bogomilos, from Bogomilnull...

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Demonology

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

Byz. demonology is substantially derived from the patristic synthesis laid down by John of Damascus. Witch hunts appear not to have taken place, as in the West, but there was ...

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Diadochos

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(Διάδοχος), bishop of Photike in Epiros, prominent opponent of Monophysitism in the 450s; born ca.400, died before 486.

Little else is known, though a possible connection with...

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Diadochus

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity.

(5th cent.), Bp. of Photike after 451. He wrote (in Greek) 100 Capita Gnostica on the means of attaining spiritual perfection; they are one of the earliest witnesses to the devotion which...

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Euchites

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity.

(Gk. εὐχη̑ται or εὐχι̑ται).

The heretical sect also known as the Messalians (q.v.). The Greek, like the Syriac, title means ‘those who pray’.

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John of Dalyatha

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity.

(8th cent.),

spiritual writer, almost certainly to be identified with John of Saba. A member of the Church of the East, he lived as a monk in various monasteries in NW Iraq; for a...

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