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The drift of English toward invariable word order from a typological and Germanic perspective

John A. Hawkins.

in The Oxford Handbook of the History of English

November 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Linguistic Typology. 4672 words.

This article looks at Edward Sapir’s notion of ‘drift’ in the history of the English language and examines drifts from the perspective of John A. Hawkins’ Performance-Grammar Correspondence...

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Explaining Language Universals

Edith A. Moravcsik.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology. 7696 words.

This article examines the roles of language universals; but first, a few words on what is meant by ‘language universal’ and by ‘explanation’ are given. It starts by addressing how language...

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Formal Generative Typology

Mark C. Baker.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Analysis

December 2009; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 12171 words.

This chapter describes an approach to linguistic research called Formal Generative Typology (FGT). FGT is a pragmatic and somewhat eclectic approach that is built on the idea of combining a...

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Formal Generative Typology

Mark C. Baker.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Analysis

February 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 11571 words.

This chapter lays out an approach that combines a formal-generative perspective on language, including tolerance of abstract analyses, with a typological focus on comparing unrelated...

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Grammatical Relations Typology

Balthasar Bickel.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 16985 words.

This article outlines the typological variables that define or condition specific grammatical relations (GRs). It specifically discusses the relational roles and the referential properties...

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Grammaticalization and linguistic typology

Walter Bisang.

in The Oxford Handbook of Grammaticalization

October 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Linguistic Typology. 4440 words.

This article considers grammaticalisation in relation to linguistic typology and presents topological studies of grammaticalisation. It addresses the question of how grammaticalisation is...

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Implicational Hierarchies

Greville G. Corbett.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology. 5121 words.

This article provides a discussion on implicational hierarchies. It presents the examples of typological hierarchies and considers in turn syntactic, morphosyntactic, and lexical...

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Language Sampling

Dik Bakker.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology. 12481 words.

This article explores the different sampling strategies and sample sizes. It also explains the types of bias that threaten the reliability of a language sample in the face of specific...

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Language Universals and Linguistic Knowledge

Sonia Cristofaro.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology; Cognitive Linguistics. 10366 words.

This article describes the different stances on language universals. A number of arguments are offered supporting the view that typological universals as such should not be regarded as part...

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Lexical typology and typological changes in the English lexicon

Alexander Haselow.

in The Oxford Handbook of the History of English

November 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology; Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 4061 words.

Whereas the typological change of the English language from syntheticity towards analyticity has been described almost exclusively for the inflectional domain, little attention has been...

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