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Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies.

The symbol employed in textual criticism for a MS of the New Testament in Greek written on parchment in Egypt (Alexandria? Hence known as the Codex Alexandrinus) in the 5th cent. A few...

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W. R. F. Browning.

in A Dictionary of the Bible

May 2011; p ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 84 words.

The symbol employed in textual criticism for a MS of the New Testament in Greek written on parchment in Egypt (

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Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

(Gk., alpha).

First letter of the Greek alphabet, combined with the last, Ω (omega), to refer to God as the beginning and the end, the all-encompassing.

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Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

Letter of negation in several languages, as in, e.g., atheism, adharma.

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Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

Symbol of emptiness (śūnyatā) and of the undifferentiated source of appearance in Zen Buddhism. In Japanese esoteric Buddhism (mikkyō), aji, the first sound in the Sanskrit alphabet,...

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A “Caodaist in Black” Returns to Live in Vietnam

Janet Alison Hoskins.

in The Divine Eye and the Diaspora

February 2015; p ublished online November 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Religious Studies. 14684 words.

The fifth chapter explores the “Caodaists in black,” members of Tâm Tông Miếu, an esoteric temple dedicated to the “three great Asian traditions” of Taoism, Buddhism, and Confucianism in...

Go to University of Hawaii Press »  abstract

A “Do-Nothing” Organization? The Catholic Association, 1934–1974

Nicholas M. Creary.

in Domesticating a Religious Import

April 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Religion. 17520 words.

The Catholic Association (CA) was the first organized lay movement in the Catholic Church in colonial Zimbabwe. While African laymen founded the organization, Jesuit and clerical...

Go to Fordham University Press »  abstract

A “Heretic,” a “Maverick,” and the Challenge to Inclusivity

Michael R. Cohen.

in The Birth of Conservative Judaism

May 2012; p ublished online November 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies. 6669 words.

From 1913–1918, the United Synagogue of America remained staunchly committed to diversity. Its members overlooked their vast differences, choosing instead to work together to implement...

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A “Heroick and Masculine-Spirited Championess”: Deborah in Early Modern Gender Debates

Joy A. Schroeder.

in Deborah's Daughters

March 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biblical Studies. 15643 words.

In the Early Modern period (1600–1800), there was a virtual explosion of female-authored publications. Women scholars, poets, and public speakers argued that they were following the example...

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A “House of the Lord” in Kirtland, 1831–1844

David J. Howlett.

in Kirtland Temple

May 2014; p ublished online April 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Religious Studies. 11204 words.

This chapter argues that early Mormons created temple spaces to gain special blessings of God's spirit beyond the conversion experience. The Kirtland Temple fulfilled this function but...

Go to University of Illinois Press »  abstract