Oxford Index Browse

You are looking at 11-20 of 23 items for:

History of Medicine x History of Neuroscience x clear all

Refine by type

Refine by product

 

In the Beginning

Michael J. Aminoff.

in Sir Charles Bell

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine; History of Neuroscience. 6040 words.

Charles Bell was born in November 1774 in Fountainbridge, a suburb of Edinburgh. The city of Edinburgh at the end of the eighteenth century is described and an account is provided of the...

Go to Oxford Medicine Online »  abstract

An Introductory Snapshot

Michael J. Aminoff.

in Sir Charles Bell

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine; History of Neuroscience. 1459 words.

The name of Charles Bell has been given to a nerve, a facial palsy, a clinical sign, an involuntary muscle spasm, a muscle, and a fundamental law of physiology, making it well known to...

Go to Oxford Medicine Online »  abstract

Is the End of Epilepsy in Sight?

Dieter Schmidt and Simon Shorvon.

in The End of Epilepsy?

August 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Neuroscience; History of Medicine. 6874 words.

The best proxy for the end of epilepsy is the complete cessation of seizures and the permanent ending of the need for further treatment. This marks the end of the biology of epilepsy, but...

Go to Oxford Medicine Online »  abstract

London and the Great Windmill Street School

Michael J. Aminoff.

in Sir Charles Bell

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine; History of Neuroscience. 4898 words.

Charles Bell’s arrival in London in 1804 and interactions with various prominent surgeons are discussed. The existing medical educational system is described, including the various private...

Go to Oxford Medicine Online »  abstract

Modern Blockbusters

Dieter Schmidt and Simon Shorvon.

in The End of Epilepsy?

August 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Neuroscience; History of Medicine. 7827 words.

Five modern antiepileptic drugs have reached the fabled blockbuster status (more than $1 billion sales per year), albeit for treatment of not only epilepsy but for other disorders of the...

Go to Oxford Medicine Online »  abstract

New Classrooms: Old Struggles

Michael J. Aminoff.

in Sir Charles Bell

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine; History of Neuroscience. 10133 words.

Charles Bell was an internationally renowned teacher of anatomy and surgery and an eloquent advocate of natural theology. His writings on the anatomy of expression had a major influence on...

Go to Oxford Medicine Online »  abstract

The Organization of the Nervous System

Michael J. Aminoff.

in Sir Charles Bell

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine; History of Neuroscience. 5185 words.

Bell came up with a number of original concepts concerning the organization and operation of the nervous system in health and disease. The focus of Bell’s 1811 book was the brain, not the...

Go to Oxford Medicine Online »  abstract

The Pharmaceutical Phoenix Rises

Dieter Schmidt and Simon Shorvon.

in The End of Epilepsy?

August 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Neuroscience; History of Medicine. 8199 words.

This chapter considers the evolution of drug therapy between 1860 and 1970, a period dominated by five compounds: bromide, phenobarbital, phenytoin, carbamazepine, and valproate. These...

Go to Oxford Medicine Online »  abstract

Resecting Epilepsy

Dieter Schmidt and Simon Shorvon.

in The End of Epilepsy?

August 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Neuroscience; History of Medicine. 11487 words.

The evolution of surgery for epilepsy in the late nineteenth century was partly the consequence of new ideas about the localisation of function in the brain and advances in the...

Go to Oxford Medicine Online »  abstract

Sir Charles Bell

Michael J Aminoff.

September 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Book. Subjects: Neurology; History of Medicine; History of Neuroscience. 264 pages.

Charles Bell (1774–1842) was a Scottish anatomist–surgeon whose original ideas on the nervous system have been equated with those of William Harvey on the circulation. He suggested that the...

Go to Oxford Medicine Online »  abstract