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A Brief History of Cosmology

John Iliopoulos.

in The Origin of Mass

October 2017; p ublished online December 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics; History of Science and Technology. 5025 words.

We present the evolution of our ideas concerning the history of the Cosmos. They are based on Einstein’s theory of General Relativity in which E.P. Hubble and G. Lemaître brought two...

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Clerke, Agnes Mary (1842–1907), writer on astronomy

H. P. Hollis.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1129 words.

Clerke, Agnes Mary (1842–1907), writer on astronomy, born at Skibbereen, co. Cork, on 10 February 1842, was the younger daughter of John William Clerke (1814–1890), and his wife, Catherine...

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Conclusions

Jennifer Coopersmith.

in Energy, the Subtle Concept

May 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics; History of Science and Technology. 3309 words.

Energy is ‘that-which-is-conserved’ and ‘the work done by a force’. The first definition brings in the different mathematical forms for energy, but neither one-liner clinches it. The energy...

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Conflicts with astronomers and theologians

in Galileo

February 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christianity; History of Science and Technology; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 7480 words.

‘Conflicts with astronomers and theologians’ documents Galileo's dealings with the Catholic Church and fellow astronomers. Galileo inadvertently offended Christopher Schelner, a Jesuit...

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Conflicts with philosophers

Stillman Drake.

in Galileo

February 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christianity; History of Science and Technology; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 5786 words.

‘Conflicts with philosophers’ outlines some of the disagreements Galileo had with natural philosophers. In 1604 Galileo had a feud with a philosopher over the distance of a supernova from...

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Costard, George (bap. 1710, d. 1782), writer on ancient astronomy

Anita McConnell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; History; History of Science and Technology; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 670 words.

Costard, George (bap. 1710, d. 1782), writer on ancient astronomy, was baptized on 20 January 1710 at St Mary's Church, Shrewsbury, the son of the Revd Edward Coster, vicar of St Mary's,...

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D’Alembert’s Principle

Jennifer Coopersmith.

in The Lazy Universe

May 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics; History of Science and Technology. 7426 words.

It is explained how the mysterious Principle of Virtual Work in statics is extended to the even more mysterious Principle of d’Alembert’s in dynamics. This is achieved by d’Alembert’s...

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Dewhirst, David William (1926–2012), astronomer and historian of astronomy

Simon Mitton.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 964 words.

Dewhirst, David William (1926–2012), astronomer and historian of astronomy, was born on 14 January 1926 at 482 Silver Grove, Utley, near Keighley, Yorkshire, the only son and elder child of...

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The <i>Dialogue</i> and the Inquisition

in Galileo

February 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christianity; History of Science and Technology; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2695 words.

‘The Dialogue and the Inquisition’ discusses how Galileo's Dialogue of the two Chief Systems of the World, which discussed the merits of Copernicanism over Aristotelianism, led him to the...

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The Discovery of Latent and Specific Heats

Jennifer Coopersmith.

in Energy, the Subtle Concept

May 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics; History of Science and Technology. 5283 words.

Black and also Wilcke discovered latent and specific heat (Black was helped by Fahrenheit’s earlier researches.) Black improved on the ‘method of mixtures’ (already used by Brook Taylor)...

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