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You are looking at 11-20 of 436 items for:

Criminology and Criminal Justice x Criminal Justice x clear all

Alternatives to Incarceration

Faye S. Taxman and Alex Breno.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Penology and Punishment. 9875 words.

Alternatives to incarceration are more than options, they have evolved into sentences of their own accord. Originally, probation and prison were the two major sentences; however, the...

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American Corrections: Reform Without Change

Karol Lucken and Thomas G. Blomberg.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections

April 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Prisons and Jails; Corrections. 8459 words.

This article outlines the corrections system of America. It traces the history of the corrections system and offers some observations on what led to the massive prison buildup. It considers...

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Anomie

Eric P. Baumer.

in Criminology

P ublished online February 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Criminal Justice; Criminology. 5378 words.

The term anomie has been widely used for the past several centuries to describe societal conditions. Although it has been defined and applied in different ways throughout history, it has...

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Appeals against conviction

Andrew Sanders, Richard Young and Mandy Burton.

in Criminal Justice

July 2010; p ublished online June 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Criminal Justice. 30078 words.

This chapter examines appeal procedures. It discusses the values that should underpin appellate procedures; appeals from the magistrates' courts; appeals from the Crown Court to the Court...

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Arrest

Andrew Sanders, Richard Young and Mandy Burton.

in Criminal Justice

July 2010; p ublished online June 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Criminal Justice. 36328 words.

This chapter examines how far the police are, and should be, allowed to infringe the freedom of the individual through arrest. It considers the legal rules and their effectiveness in...

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Bail and Pretrial Detention

Celesta Albonetti.

in Criminology

P ublished online May 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Criminal Justice; Criminology. 7841 words.

Determining the accused pretrial status requires tracing the interplay between legislative and case law attempts to define the legal function of bail. The perennial concern has been the...

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Biosocial Criminology

John Paul Wright.

in Criminology

P ublished online December 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Criminal Justice; Criminology. 4994 words.

Biological and genetic processes are believed to underlie many of the individual traits associated with persistent criminal conduct. Personality factors, such as neuroticism, mental...

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Blackmail

Brian Francis, Moira Peelo and Keith Soothill.

in Criminology

P ublished online May 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Criminal Justice; Criminology. 6332 words.

Blackmail is a term that is widely known through fiction and popular culture as an illegal means of gaining money or leverage by threats to reveal knowledge. Criminologically and legally,...

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Black's Theory of Law and Social Control

Bradley Campbell.

in Criminology

P ublished online April 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Criminal Justice; Criminology. 11835 words.

Developed by Donald Black and since extended and applied to various subjects by a number of scholars, Black’s theory of law and social control addresses a phenomenon relevant to specialists...

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Boot Camps and Shock Incarceration Programs

Ojmarrh Mitchell and Fawn T. Ngo.

in Criminology

P ublished online March 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Criminal Justice; Criminology. 7304 words.

Correctional boot camps, also known as “shock incarceration” programs, are correctional programs modeled after military basic training. Just like basic training, boot camps emphasize drill...

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