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Alabaster

Edited by Donald B. Redford.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

January 2001; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Egyptology. 3 words.

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Alexander (356–323<span class="smallCaps">bce</span>)

Alan E. Samuel.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

January 2001; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Egyptology. 656 words.

(356–323bce),

of Macedon, called the Great, was the son of Philip II of Macedon. Alexander came to

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Alexandria

Jean-Yves Empereur and Colin Clement.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

January 2001; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Egyptology. 1946 words.

capital of Ptolemaic Egypt, a seaport on the Mediterranean coast founded by Alexander the Great in 331 bce (31°11′N, 29°54′E).

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Allegory

J. Gwyn Griffiths.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

January 2001; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Egyptology. 2996 words.

is a word of Greek origin, meaning literally “speaking differently.” Normally, it involves seeking a second and deeper meaning behind

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Amarna Letters

William L. Moran.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

January 2001; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Egyptology. 632 words.

In 1887, Egyptian peasants rummaging in ruins on the plain of Amarna found inscribed clay tablets. The script was

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Amarna Period

Edited by Donald B. Redford.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

January 2001; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Egyptology. 16 words.

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Amarna, Tell El-

Betsy M. Bryan.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

January 2001; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Egyptology. 3526 words.

site of the New Kingdom capital of the eighteenth dynasty king Amenhotpe IV/Akhenaten (r. 1372–1355bce), built

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Amasis (569–526<span class="smallCaps">bce</span>)

Jack A. Josephson.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

January 2001; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Egyptology. 761 words.

(r. 569–526bce),

fifth king of the Saite or twenty-sixth dynasty, Late period. Although not descended from the royal

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Amenemhat of Beni Hasan (1950 <span class="smallCaps">bce</span>)

Detlef Franke.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

January 2001; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Egyptology. 497 words.

(fl. 1950 bce).

Amenemhat, the short form of whose name was Ameni, was the “Great Overlord of the Oryx

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Amenemhet I (1991–1962<span class="smallCaps">bce</span>)

Detlef Franke.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

January 2001; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Egyptology. 676 words.

(r. 1991–1962bce),

first king of the twelfth dynasty, Middle Kingdom. In the fictitious prophecy of Amenemhet I's accession,

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