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Algeria

Phillip Naylor.

in African Studies

P ublished online October 2012 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 12584 words.

Algeria, Africa’s largest country, remains understudied except for its modern history, which features an oppressive colonialism, a dramatic war of decolonization, and a contentious...

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al-Shirazi, Qutb al-Din

Overview page. Subjects: Philosophy — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).

(634–710 / 1236–1311)

Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi received a philosophical education in which he worked with the outstanding thinkers of his time. He studied Ibn Sina with Nasir al-Din...

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Amsterdam

Henk van Nierop.

in Renaissance and Reformation

P ublished online January 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy. 7501 words.

Amsterdam was the biggest and the most important commercial metropolis of 17th-century Europe. Its wealthy merchants provided a booming market for luxury industries, making Amsterdam a...

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Ancient Chinese Religion

Mu-chou Poo.

in Chinese Studies

P ublished online April 2013 .

Article. Subjects: East Asian Studies; Asian History; East Asian Philosophy; East Asian Religions. 6905 words.

Religion is a form of activity and mental attitude that helps humans deal with real or imagined extrahuman forces that influence human life. In ancient China from the Neolithic to the...

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Ancient Egypt

Toby Wilkinson.

in African Studies

P ublished online February 2016 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 10708 words.

Ancient Egypt produced the longest-lived civilization of the ancient world and one of the most stable systems of government in human history. The surviving artifacts and monuments from the...

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André Brink

Isidore Diala.

in African Studies

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: African History; African Languages; African Music; African Philosophy; African Studies. 20079 words.

André Philippus Brink (b. 1935—d. 2015) is acclaimed as one of South Africa’s foremost writers. Internationally renowned novelist, playwright, scholar, critic, translator, travel writer,...

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Angela Merici

Querciolo Mazzonis.

in Renaissance and Reformation

P ublished online June 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy. 6506 words.

St. Angela Merici (b. c. 1474, Desenzano del Garda–d. 27 January 1540, Brescia) is the founder of the Company of St. Ursula, which later became the order of the Ursulines. A Franciscan...

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Angelo Poliziano

Craig Kallendorf.

in Renaissance and Reformation

P ublished online April 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy. 6732 words.

Angelo Ambrogini (b. 1454–d. 1494), called Poliziano after his home town (Lat. Mons Politianus, Ital. Montepulciano), was a Renaissance man of letters of international renown. He lived and...

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Anglo-Norman Realm

Emily Zack Tabuteau.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online May 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 21643 words.

The Anglo-Norman world was created by the union of Normandy and England in 1066, when William, duke of Normandy conquered the kingdom of England. Its beginning date is therefore obvious,...

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Anglo-Saxon Art

Catherine E. Karkov.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online December 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 11305 words.

Anglo-Saxon art is the art of England between roughly the years 600 and 1100, although dates will vary depending on individual focus. Some scholars prefer to see “Anglo-Saxon” art as...

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