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Near-Death Experiences

Carol Zaleski.

in The Oxford Handbook of Eschatology

December 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Comparative Religion. 6988 words.

In 1969, Elisabeth Kübler-Ross published On Death and Dying, a manifesto calling for reforms in end-of-life care and translating into a psychological idiom the ancient religious idea of...

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A Philosophical Approach to Questions about Religious Diversity

Peter Byrne.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religious Diversity

December 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Comparative Religion; Philosophy of Religion. 5893 words.

The fact of religious diversity provides problems for a variety of approaches to the study of religion. In the philosophical study of religion, there are at least four main areas in which...

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Pluralism and Relativism

Joseph Runzo.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religious Diversity

December 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Comparative Religion; Philosophy of Religion. 7091 words.

An ever-increasing awareness of religious diversity inevitably raises religious and philosophical issues about pluralism and relativism in religion. Those already in a religious tradition...

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The Problem of Evil

Michael L. Peterson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

November 2013; p ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems; Comparative Religion; Religious Studies; Philosophy of Religion. 7951 words.

The problem of evil is considered to be the most formidable objection to theism and a central element in the case for atheism. This essay surveys and evaluates the two key formulations of...

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Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Job

Kirsten Nielsen.

in The Oxford Handbook of English Literature and Theology

March 2009; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Christianity; Comparative Religion; Religious Studies. 7697 words.

Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Job form the main part of the wisdom literature of the Old Testament. They share an interest in everyday life and the desire to create order out of human...

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Religion and Animals

Aaron S. Gross.

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Religious Studies; History of Religion; Comparative Religion; Philosophy of Religion. 10149 words.

What do animals have to do with religion? This article answers this broad question with special attention to issues related to animal ethics and animal philosophy. Topics covered include...

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Religion and Scarcity

Hector Avalos.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violence

January 2013; p ublished online March 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Philosophy of Religion; Comparative Religion. 7699 words.

This chapter demonstrates the viability of a new theory for the role of religion in violence by applying it to cases ranging from the ancient to the modern world, and in the three Abrahamic...

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Religious Diversity, Evil, and a Variety of Theodicies

Michael L. Peterson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religious Diversity

December 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Comparative Religion; Philosophy of Religion. 6852 words.

Suffering, injustice, tragedy, and death are basic to human experience. Peter Berger observes that each religion bears the burden of relating these negative phenomena—commonly called...

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The Religious Problem of Evil

James Aho.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violence

January 2013; p ublished online March 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Philosophy of Religion; Comparative Religion. 4797 words.

This chapter provides some of the answers as to how evil is experienced and why it exists. Evil explodes into the everyday world unasked and unwelcome, and has little underlying meaning...

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The Resurrection of the Body

Trenton Merricks.

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Theology

March 2011; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Comparative Religion; Christianity. 7603 words.

This article focuses on two questions about the doctrine of the resurrection, questions that will occur to most philosophers and theologians interested in identity in general, and in...

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