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Apocalyptic Eschatology in the Ancient World

John J. Collins.

in The Oxford Handbook of Eschatology

December 2007; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Religion in the Ancient World. 7659 words.

The category of “apocalyptic literature” was invented by the German New Testament scholar Friedrich Lücke in 1832 in the context of an introduction to the Book of Revelation. Lücke...

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Apocalypticism and Messianism

Michael A. Knibb.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls

October 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Philosophy of Religion. 14860 words.

The beliefs of the movement that lies behind the scrolls were influenced by the eschatological ideas of the early Enochic writings and by the Book of Daniel, and although the movement does...

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Apollo

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Religion.

In Greek mythology, a god, son of Zeus and Leto and brother of Artemis. He is associated with music, poetic inspiration, archery, prophecy, medicine, pastoral life, and the sun; the...

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apologists, Christian

Wolfram Kinzig.

in Oxford Classical Dictionary

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Early Christianity; Religion in the Ancient World. 563 words.

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Appian Way

Overview page. Subjects: Christianity — Classical Studies.

The principal road southward from Rome in classical times, named after the censor Appius Claudius Caecus, who in 312 bc built the section to Capua; it was later extended to Brindisi.

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Arachne

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Religion.

A woman of Colophon in Lydia, a skilful weaver who challenged Athene to a contest. Athene destroyed Arachne's work and Arachne tried to hang herself, but Athene changed her into a spider....

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Archaeology

John R. Bartlett.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity. 8834 words.

This article discusses archaeology's impact on biblical scholarship, especially over the last two centuries. It describes the Christian pilgrims, explorers, travellers, map makers, and...

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Archaeology

John R. Bartlett.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity. 4733 words.

This article discusses the contributions of archaeology to biblical scholarship. Biblical scholarship needs the archaeologist as it needs the anthropologist, the epigraphist, the...

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Archelaus

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Biblical Studies.

Son of Herod the Great, who inherited the territory of Judaea, Samaria, and Idumea, but after popular disturbances was banished to Greece by the emperor in 6 ce.

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Areopagus

Theodore John Cadoux and P. J. Rhodes.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Historical Geography; Early Christianity; Greek and Roman Law. 1104 words.

Areopagus, the ‘Hill of Ares’ (Ἄρειος πάγος) at *Athens, north-west of the Acropolis, and the ancient council associated with it. There are no substantial remains on the hill; the council's...

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