Oxford Index Browse

You are looking at 21-30 of 84 items for:

History of Science and Technology x Astronomy and Astrophysics x clear all

Refine by type

Refine by product

 

Dreyer, John Louis Emil (1852–1926), astronomer and historian of astronomy

F. W. Dyson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1711 words.

Dreyer, John Louis Emil (1852–1926), astronomer and historian of astronomy, was born at Copenhagen on 13 February 1852, the third son of John Christopher Dreyer, lieutenant-general in the...

Go to Oxford Dictionary of National Biography »  home page

Edwin Hubble, Observational Cosmologist

Helge Kragh.

in Masters of the Universe

November 2014; p ublished online March 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 7456 words.

Edwin Hubble, the famous American astronomer, was interviewed at his home in California in 1952, just a year before his death. He spoke about his seminal determination in 1929 of a...

Go to Oxford Scholarship Online »  abstract

Energy, the Subtle Concept

Jennifer Coopersmith.

May 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Book. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics; History of Science and Technology. 448 pages.

Energy is explained through its history. Newton missed ‘energy’, Leibniz defined kinetic energy, and potential energy emerged from ideas about stored ‘live force’, the concept of ‘work’,...

Go to Oxford Scholarship Online »  abstract

Epilogue

Michael Hoskin.

in The History of Astronomy

May 2003; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 1094 words.

In this ‘Epilogue’ the attempts of observers and theoreticians to understand the visible heavenly bodies is seen to give way to a new type of astronomy that combines physics and chemistry....

Go to Very Short Introductions »  abstract

Epilogue

John Iliopoulos.

in The Origin of Mass

October 2017; p ublished online December 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics; History of Science and Technology. 1620 words.

The construction of the Standard Theory has been a remarkable achievement of modern theoretical physics. We argue that its very success shows also its limitations. It suggests the existence...

Go to Oxford Scholarship Online »  abstract

Exploring the universe of stars

Michael Hoskin.

in The History of Astronomy

May 2003; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 8029 words.

After Newton the attention of astronomers turned to the distant stars. ‘Exploring the Universe of Stars’ looks at the challenges that faced astronomers in the eighteenth- and...

Go to Very Short Introductions »  abstract

Faraday and Helmholtz

Jennifer Coopersmith.

in Energy, the Subtle Concept

May 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics; History of Science and Technology. 7792 words.

Faraday believed in the unity of ‘force’. He succeeded in unifying electricity and magnetism, electricity and chemistry, and light and magnetism, but failed to unify electricity and...

Go to Oxford Scholarship Online »  abstract

Final words

Jennifer Coopersmith.

in The Lazy Universe

May 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics; History of Science and Technology. 1943 words.

The Principle of Least Action has near-universal applicability, and the actual path taken by the system is the one that occurs in the flat region of the “space-of-paths.” While the...

Go to Oxford Scholarship Online »  abstract

The final years

in Galileo

February 2001; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Christianity; History of Science and Technology; Astronomy and Astrophysics. 5655 words.

‘The final years’ charts Galileo's time under house arrest until his death. Galileo was banned from having any of his work published or reprinted, but despite this his books were translated...

Go to Very Short Introductions »  abstract

A Forward Look

Jennifer Coopersmith.

in Energy, the Subtle Concept

May 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics; History of Science and Technology. 13650 words.

Electromagnetism and other field energies: Maxwell discovered his equations and emphasized that the electromagnetic field contained energy. Poynting explained how this energy was...

Go to Oxford Scholarship Online »  abstract