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reredos

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities.

An ornamental screen covering the wall at the back of an altar. The word comes (in late Middle English) via Anglo-Norman French from Old French areredos, from arere ‘behind’ + dos ‘back’.

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Samuel Pufendorf

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities.

(1632–94)

Jurist whose main contribution was to international law. Born near Chemniz, Saxony, he studied law at Leipzig and Jena, and taught at Heidelberg and Lund. He was...

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pragmatics

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities.

1. (linguistics) A branch of semantics concerned with the communicative use and functions of language in particular social contexts, especially in conversations: see alsonull...

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psychology

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities.

(sy-kol-ŏji)

the science concerned with the study of behaviour and its related mental processes. The different schools of psychology include behaviourism, cognitive psychology,...

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Prudentius

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities.

(348–post‐405),

a Christian Latin poet born in Spain, the composer of many hymns. His Psychomachia, an allegorical account of the battle for the soul of man, was a very important...

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William Prynne

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities.

(1600–69)

English Puritan pamphleteer, a fearless campaigner on religious, moral, and political issues. His most famous pamphlet, Histrio Mastix (1632), was an attack on...

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psalter

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities.

A manuscript (particularly one for liturgical use) or a printed book containing the text of the Psalms. It was the most popular type of illuminated book from the 11th to the 14th century....

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Sir Uvedale Price

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities.

(1747–1829).

Author of Essay on the Picturesque (1794) and important influence on the cult of the Picturesque (which he defined as a separate aesthetic category, identifiable as...

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propaganda

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities.

[Latin ‘propagation’]

Persuasive mass communication that filters and frames the issues of the day in a way that strongly favours particular interests; usually those of a government...

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pottery

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities.

[Ma]

Clay that has been fashioned into a desired shape and then dried to reduce its water content before being fired or baked to fix its form. At temperatures of about 400 °C water...

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