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Islamic Studies

Edited by Andrew Rippin.

P ublished online December 2009 .

Research Guide. Subjects: Islam.

Made up of a rapidly expanding range of articles written by distinguished international scholars, this dynamic, continuously updated online resource offers exclusive authoritative research...

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Muhammad ʿAbduh

Sukidi.

in Islamic Studies

P ublished online May 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Islam. 3774 words.

Muhammad ʿAbduh (b. 1849–d. 1905) was a chief reformer in the movement of Islamic reform that sprang from Egypt in the late 19th century. He engaged in reform in a time when Muslim society...

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Sayyid Jamal al-Din al-Afghani

Nikki Keddie.

in Islamic Studies

P ublished online May 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Islam. 4008 words.

Also known as Asadabadi because of his now-proven birth and early childhood in Asadabad in northwest Iran, Sayyid Jamal al-Din al-Afghani (b. 1838/9–d. 1897) was a pioneering figure in...

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The Ahmadiyyah Movement

Yohanan Friedmann.

in Islamic Studies

P ublished online May 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Islam. 4442 words.

The Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam is a modern Muslim messianic movement. It was founded in 1889 in the Indian province of Punjab by Ghulam Ahmad (b. c. 1835–d. 1908). Having been accused of...

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` A'isha

Mary Thurkill.

in Islamic Studies

P ublished online December 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Islam. 2116 words.

ʿA’isha is the youngest wife of the prophet Muhammad—his only virginal bride and, according to most traditions, his favorite (second perhaps only to Khadija). In many Hadith accounts,...

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Hasan al-Banna

Abdullah Al-Arian.

in Islamic Studies

P ublished online December 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Islam. 1940 words.

One of the most significant Islamic figures of the 20th century, Hasan al-Banna was born in 1906 in the town of Mahmudiyah in Egypt. The son of a local religious leader, al-Banna attended...

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ʿAlī Ibn Abī Ṭālib

Moojan Momen and Omid Ghaemmaghami.

in Islamic Studies

P ublished online May 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Islam. 6690 words.

ʿAlī (c. 600–661) was the cousin, and at various times in his life, foster-brother, foster-son, and son-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad. He was a young boy when he embraced Islam and is...

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Apostasy

Andrew March.

in Islamic Studies

P ublished online December 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Islam. 4742 words.

Apostasy (ridda, irtidad) is an important theological and legal problem in Islam. As a legal matter, virtually all classical jurists, and many modern ones, regard death as the mandatory...

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Arabic Language and Islam

Mustafa Shah.

in Islamic Studies

P ublished online December 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Islam. 11132 words.

The Arabic language, which is the mother tongue of over 250 million people across the Middle East and North Africa, serves not only as a powerful symbol of Arab national identity, but is...

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Islamic Art

Walter Denny.

in Islamic Studies

P ublished online December 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Islam. 8816 words.

The term “Islamic Art,” as conventionally used today in the organization of museum departments and the delineation of academic boundaries in higher education, usually refers to works of...

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