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Minorities

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

More than a third of the world's 1.2 billion Muslims live as political and religious minorities. Early Islamic history yields two models for Muslim minorities to follow: the Meccan model,...

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MīrDāmād

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

Mīr Burhan al-Dīn Muḥammad Bāqir Dāmād, known as Mīr Dāmād (1543–1631/2),was born in the city of Asterabad (now Gorgān) near Mashhad in Persia. He studied in Qazvīn and Kāshān, especially...

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Miʿrāj

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

Ascension. Typically used to refer to Muhammad's Night Journey to heaven, which is a common theme in Sufi poetry and popular piety. Also used by Sufis to discuss their own progress along...

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Mir Damad

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

(d. 1630)

Also known as Mir Muhammad Baqir ibn Shams al-Din Muhammad Astarabadi. Persian philosopher and theologian of the Safavid period and a principal figure in the School of...

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Ali Mirghani

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

(d. 1968)

Prominent religious and political leader in Sudan. The Mirghani family came to Sudan in the early nineteenth century and established the Khatmi tariqah. Ali assumed...

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Muhammad Uthman al- Mirghani

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

(d. 1853)

Sufi teacher and founder of the Khatmi (sometimes called Mirghani) Sufi order, influential in Nilotic Sudan in modern times. Born in Mecca to a prestigious family, and a...

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Misr

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

Sing. of Arabic amsar. (1) In early Islam, referred to settlements that were established by Muslim warriors in conquered lands. The term is Semitic in origin; the original meaning is...

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Grand Mufti

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

Also known as shaykh al-Islam. The term refers to the leading mufti serving in an advisory capacity to state and court. The position was first institutionalized by the Ottoman Empire in...

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Grand Vizier

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

The sultan's absolute deputy in the Ottoman Empire; acted for the sultan in military and civil matters and presided over the imperial diwan (royal court), which consisted of ordinary...

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Mullah Omar

Overview page. Subjects: Islam.

Mohammad Omar (b. c. 1959),also known as Mullah Omar, is the spiritual and political leader of the Sunnī fundamentalist Taliban movement of Afghanistan. Omar was Afghanistan's de facto head...

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