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Community

Louis Jacobs.

in A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

January 1999; published online January 2003.

Reference Entry. Subjects: Judaism. 173 words.

The Hebrew word tzibbur (from a root meaning ‘to gather’) is used both for the Jewish people as a whole

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Heaven and Hell

Louis Jacobs.

in A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

January 1999; published online January 2003.

Reference Entry. Subjects: Judaism. 264 words.

The places in which, respectively, the righteous are rewarded after death and the wicked punished. The usual terms in Jewish

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Esther, Fast of

Louis Jacobs.

in A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

January 1999; published online January 2003.

Reference Entry. Subjects: Judaism. 76 words.

Minor fastday held on 13 Adar, the day before Purim, so called because it is stated in the book

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Throne of God

Louis Jacobs.

in A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

January 1999; published online January 2003.

Reference Entry. Subjects: Judaism. 359 words.

The great throne upon which God is seated, seen by the prophet Isaiah: ‘I saw the Lord seated on a

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Divination

Louis Jacobs.

in A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

January 1999; published online January 2003.

Reference Entry. Subjects: Judaism. 199 words.

The practice of forecasting the future, especially by magical means (see MAGIC AND SUPERSTITION). A biblical text seems

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Decalogue

Louis Jacobs.

in A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

January 1999; published online January 2003.

Reference Entry. Subjects: Judaism. 346 words.

The ten words, better known as the Ten Commandments, given by God to the people of Israel at Sinai,

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Holy Spirit

Louis Jacobs.

in A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

January 1999; published online January 2003.

Reference Entry. Subjects: Judaism. 68 words.

Inspiration or the attainment of a degree of prophecy; Heb. ruah ha-kodesh. The books of the Hagiographa such as

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Parveh

Louis Jacobs.

in A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

January 1999; published online January 2003.

Reference Entry. Subjects: Judaism. 79 words.

A word of uncertain etymology to denote food that is neither meat nor milk. According to the dietary laws,

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Dress

Louis Jacobs.

in A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

January 1999; published online January 2003.

Reference Entry. Subjects: Judaism. 182 words.

There are three biblical laws regarding dress: that fringes (tzitzit) are to be attached to the corners of

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Simhat Torah

Louis Jacobs.

in A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

January 1999; published online January 2003.

Reference Entry. Subjects: Judaism. 416 words.

‘Rejoicing of the Law’, the festival at the end of Tabernacles, on the eighth day (22 Tishri) in Israel,

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