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Strategic Responses to the Boston Marathon Bombing

Laura Dugan and Daren Fisher.

Published online August 2015.

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Violent Crime. 10297 words.

The explosions on April 15, 2013 during the Patriot’s Day Marathon in Boston mark the first major terrorist attack in the United States since 9/11 and the first time since 1996 that...

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Handling Irregularities

Ryoko Yamamoto.

Published online August 2015.

Article. Subjects: Theories of Crime. 9160 words.

This article investigates different forms of irregularity in immigration to Japan. Despite the demand for migrant labor from the business sector since the 1980s, Japan has never officially...

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Victimization Surveys

Ben Bradford and Sarah MacQueen.

Published online August 2015.

Article. Subjects: Measurement of Crime. 13883 words.

This chapter considers the history, development, and uses of crime victimization surveys. Offering a wide view of the topic at hand, discussion ranges from the historical development and...

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Sex Offender Monitoring

Jennifer McMahon, Cynthia Calkins and Julia Mesler.

Published online December 2014.

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention. 8060 words.

The past two decades have been marked by increasing public concern about sex offenders in our community. Specific laws and policies focused on increasing the supervision of sex offenders...

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Crime Journeys

Wim Bernasco.

Published online October 2014.

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice. 11950 words.

Crime requires the simultaneous presence of offenders and targets. This essay reviews what is known about how offenders come to intersect in time and space with their targets. It addresses...

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Late-Blooming Offending

Vere van Koppen, Arjan Blokland, Victor van der Geest, Catrien Bijleveld and Steve van de Weijer.

Published online October 2014.

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice. 11840 words.

This chapter highlights the phenomenon of late bloomers, those who only start to offend frequently after adolescence. First we briefly review the extant empirical evidence with regard to...

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Long-Term Consequences of Childhood Abuse

Emily M. Wright.

Published online June 2016.

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice. 11485 words.

This essay reviews the evidence regarding the impact of childhood abuse (e.g., physical, sexual, psychological, maltreatment, and neglect) on long-term outcomes, such as violence,...

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Crime Policy and Welfare Policy

Carina Gallo and Mimi E. Kim.

Published online June 2016.

Article. Subjects: Criminology and Criminal Justice; Crime Prevention. 10348 words.

This essay provides a synthesis of criminological and social welfare theoretical frameworks, along with empirical data illuminating the links between crime policy and welfare policy. It...

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Youth Justice in Hungary During the 20th and 21st Centuries

Miklós Lévay.

Published online June 2016.

Article. Subjects: Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice; International and Comparative Criminology. 16018 words.

Juvenile justice systems are not static constructions but are highly dependent on the cultural, historical, and political environment. Therefore, analyses cannot provide a complete picture...

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Sentencing Policies and Practices in Minnesota

Richard S. Frase.

Published online June 2016.

Article. Subjects: Courts and Procedure; Penology and Punishment. 11110 words.

This essay evaluates the origins, purposes, operation, and evolution of Minnesota’s sentencing guidelines system, implemented in 1980. Topics examined include key guidelines provisions,...

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