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Arts and Humanities x Linguistic Typology x Grammar, Syntax and Morphology x clear all

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Asymmetry in Case Marking

Oliver A. Iggesen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Case

November 2008; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Linguistic Typology. 4100 words.

Many languages with nominal case inflection apply the same distinctions of case forms evenly across their entire nominal lexicon. Hence, all conceivable subclasses of nominals must...

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Case and the Typology of Transitivity

Seppo Kittilä.

in The Oxford Handbook of Case

November 2008; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Linguistic Typology. 3247 words.

Canonical transitive events involve a volitional and controlling agent and a thoroughly affected patient. Any deviation from this prototype may result in a change in the coding of the...

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Case-Marking Typology

Beatrice Primus.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 7236 words.

Case is a category of marking dependent noun phrases for the type of relationship they bear to their heads. The three phenomena that are clearly determined by case functions in many...

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Distributional Typology

Balthasar Bickel.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Analysis

February 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Linguistic Typology. 10831 words.

Over the past two decades, linguistic typology has been moving increasingly away from its original goal of classifying languages into ideal types that would be constrained by categorical...

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Formal Generative Typology

Mark C. Baker.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Analysis

December 2009; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 12171 words.

This chapter describes an approach to linguistic research called Formal Generative Typology (FGT). FGT is a pragmatic and somewhat eclectic approach that is built on the idea of combining a...

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Formal Generative Typology

Mark C. Baker.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Analysis

February 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 11571 words.

This chapter lays out an approach that combines a formal-generative perspective on language, including tolerance of abstract analyses, with a typological focus on comparing unrelated...

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Grammatical Relations Typology

Balthasar Bickel.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 16985 words.

This article outlines the typological variables that define or condition specific grammatical relations (GRs). It specifically discusses the relational roles and the referential properties...

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Linguistic Typology and Formal Grammar

Maria Polinsky.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 6243 words.

This article discusses the relationship between linguistic typology and formal grammar. It explores several areas where typology and formal grammar diverge, and where they most need to...

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Morphological Typology

Dunstan Brown.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 6057 words.

The term ‘morphological typology’ has been traditionally associated with the division of languages into basic ‘holistic’ types that could be used to characterize a complete language....

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Person Marking

Anna Siewierska.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 9751 words.

This article explains the category person, and the status of the third person as a member of this category. It reports the different morphophonological realizations of person markers. The...

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