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Abbreviations and Symbols

Nikolaos Gonis.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Historical Archaeology. 3100 words.

The first part of this article deals with abbreviations found in Greek documentary papyri and ostraca. The documents in which abbreviation is rife are predominantly those produced on a...

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The Ancient Book

William A. Johnson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Historical Archaeology. 11734 words.

From the beginnings of Greek written literature until deep into the Roman era, a “book” was fashioned by taking a premanufactured papyrus roll, writing out the text, attaching additional...

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Arabic Papyri and Islamic Egypt

Petra M. Sijpesteijn.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Historical Archaeology. 9349 words.

The Arabs enjoyed a long-standing acquaintance with papyrus and its benefits. Papyrus and other traditional media, such as ostraca, leather, parchment, textiles, stone, and bone, were...

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Archives and Dossiers

Katelijn Vandorpe.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Historical Archaeology. 14394 words.

Documentary papyri describe ancient people. Where unrelated texts are like instant snapshots, archives present a coherent film of a person, a family, or a community and may span several...

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Communicating with Tablets and Papyri

Andrea Jördens.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World

February 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Historical Archaeology. 10959 words.

This article takes a look at the wide range of daily written correspondence that survived from Roman antiquity. Tablets, letters, and papyri serve as excellent source materials from the...

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Conservation of Ancient Papyrus Materials

Jaakko Frösén.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Historical Archaeology. 7303 words.

Papyrus conservation has had a long history since the first attempts to open the carbonized Herculaneum rolls found in 1752 and to unroll the Charta Borgiana, acquired in 1778. New...

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Editing A Papyrus

Paul Schubert.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Historical Archaeology. 8351 words.

The process of editing a papyrus is undeniably a central aspect in the field of papyrology. This article notes that the task of a scholar who undertakes the edition of a papyrus resembles...

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Education in the Papyri

Raffaella Cribiqre.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Historical Archaeology. 8627 words.

This article focuses on Greek education during the roughly ten centuries between the conquest of Egypt by Alexander of Macedon and the Arab conquest. Egypt has offered a large quantity of...

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Egyptian Religion and Magic in the Papyri

Willy Clarysse.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Egyptology; Religion in the Ancient World. 10359 words.

The first section of this article discusses traditional religion, looking at the Ancient Egyptian worldview, mummification and afterlife, and the role of the temples in economy and...

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The Finds of Papyri: The Archaeology of Papyrology

Hélène Cuvigny.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Historical Archaeology. 11224 words.

From the first Fayyum find until the First World War, the period of miraculous discoveries lasted barely forty years. In the present era of slavery to the mass media, A. S. Hunt was right...

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