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Accessing Words from the Mental Lexicon

Niels O. Schiller and Rinus G. Verdonschot.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Word

June 2015; p ublished online August 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Lexicography; Cognitive Linguistics. 5630 words.

This chapter describes how speakers access words from the mental lexicon. Lexical access is a crucial component in the process of transforming thoughts into speech. Some theories consider...

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The Acquisition of Color Words

Katie Wagner and David Barner.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Linguistics; Language Acquisition; Semantics. 8924 words.

Human experience of color results from a complex interplay of perceptual and linguistic systems. At the lowest level of perception, the human visual system transforms the visible light...

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The anatomical and physiological basis of human speech production: adaptations and exaptations

Ann MacLarnon.

in The Oxford Handbook of Language Evolution

November 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Phonetics and Phonology; Cognitive Linguistics. 4823 words.

This article provides details on human speech production involving a range of physical features, which may have evolved as specific adaptations for this purpose. All mammalian vocalizations...

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Aphasia from a Neurolinguistic Perspective

Susan Edwards and Christos Salis.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics

P ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Cognitive Linguistics. 8998 words.

Aphasia is an acquired language disorder subsequent to brain damage in the left hemisphere. It is characterized by diminished abilities to produce and understand both spoken and written...

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Applied Linguistics and the Neurobiology of Language

John H. Schumann.

in The Oxford Handbook of Applied Linguistics

September 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Cognitive Linguistics. 7307 words.

Neuroscience has made enormous strides in the last two decades. This article focuses on the concept of applied linguistics and the neurobiology of language. This article focuses on some...

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Are other animals as smart as great apes? Do others provide better models for the evolution of speech or language?

Kathleen R. Gibson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Language Evolution

November 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Language Evolution; Cognitive Linguistics. 4537 words.

This article reviews recent evidence for advanced, language-pertinent, cognitive capacities in birds and mammals and evaluates the potential suitability of song and other animal vocal...

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The Argument from the Poverty of the Stimulus

Howard Lasnik and Jeffrey L. Lidz.

in The Oxford Handbook of Universal Grammar

December 2016; p ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Cognitive Linguistics. 11821 words.

This article explores what Noam Chomsky called ‘the argument from poverty of the stimulus’: the argument that our experience far underdetermines our knowledge and hence that our biological...

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Attention Phenomena

Leonard Talmy.

in The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics

June 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Cognitive Linguistics. 13172 words.

This article introduces new work on the fundamental attentional system of language, while in part providing a framework in which prior linguistic work on attention can be placed. In a...

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Brain Basis of Meaning, Words, Constructions, and Grammar

Friedemann Pulvermüller, Bert Cappelle and Yury Shtyrov.

in The Oxford Handbook of Construction Grammar

April 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Cognitive Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 8576 words.

This chapter examines the neurophysiological plausibility of some of the claims of Construction Grammar with regard to syntactic structures. It suggests that evidence from neuroscience has...

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Case in Aphasia

Monique Lamers and Esther Ruigendijk.

in The Oxford Handbook of Case

November 2008; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Cognitive Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 6598 words.

Case provides the language user with a rich source of information for conveying meaningful messages in natural language use. Psycholinguistic research has shown that in the intact human...

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