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Arts and Humanities x Philosophy of Science x clear all

1921

Thomas Ryckman.

in The Reign of Relativity

February 2005; p ublished online April 2005 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 15815 words.

Mortiz Schlick’s article of this title was highly influential in convincing several generations of philosophers that GTR outrightly falsified any variety of Kantian epistemology. In fact,...

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A ‘Nudge’ for Public Health Ethics: Libertarian Paternalism as a Framework for Ethical Analysis of Public Health Interventions?

Jean-Frédérick Ménard.

in Public Health Ethics

November 2010; p ublished online October 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Philosophy of Biology; Bioethics and Medical Ethics; Medical Ethics; Public Health. 6096 words.

Is it possible to interfere with individual decision-making while preserving freedom of choice? The purpose of this article is to assess whether ‘libertarian paternalism’, a set of...

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 A Bouquet of Scientific Values

Noretta Koertge.

in Scientific Values and Civic Virtues

July 2005; p ublished online July 2005 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 7911 words.

This chapter reviews the attempts of sociologists of science such as Parsons and Merton, and philosophers of science such as Kuhn, Lakatos, and Popper, to characterize the norms that guide...

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‘A New Species of Logic’

Colin Howson.

in Hume's Problem

November 2000; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 19619 words.

This is the central chapter of the book. It contains an extended argument to show that in formal probability theory we have an authentic logic of uncertain inference, of the same species as...

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Abduction, Reason, and Science: Processes of Discovery and Explanation

Jon Williamson.

in The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science

June 2003; p ublished online June 2003 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Science and Mathematics. 0 words.

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Abortion

Michael Tooley.

in Philosophy

P ublished online May 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 36782 words.

Questions concerning the moral and appropriate legal status of abortion are among the most important issues in applied ethics, and answering those questions involves addressing some...

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Abortion Revisited

Don Marquis.

in The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics

February 2009; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Philosophy of Science; Moral Philosophy. 10612 words.

The three major classical accounts of the morality of abortion are all subject to at least one major problem. Can we do better? This article aims to discuss three accounts that purport to...

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Absolute Quantum Mechanics

Steven Weinstein.

in The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science

March 2001; p ublished online March 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Science and Mathematics. 0 words.

Whereas one can conceive of a relational classical mechanics in which absolute space and time do not play a fundamental role, quantum mechanics does not readily admit any such relational...

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Absolute versus Relational Spacetime: For Better or Worse, the Debate Goes On

Carl Hoefer.

in The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science

September 1998; p ublished online September 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Science; Science and Mathematics. 0 words.

The traditional absolutist-relationist debate is still clearly formulable in the context of General Relativity Theory (GTR), despite the important differences between Einstein's theory and...

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Absorber and Entropy Theories of Radiation

Mathias Frisch.

in Inconsistency, Asymmetry, and Non-Locality

May 2005; p ublished online April 2005 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 12581 words.

This chapter criticizes absorber accounts of radiation asymmetry in the tradition of Wheeler and Feynman’s time-symmetric action-at-a-distance theory, and ‘pure entropy accounts’ of the...

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