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The Abrahamic Religions and the Classical Tradition

Peter E. Pormann.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Abrahamic Religions

October 2015; p ublished online November 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Comparative Religion. 8641 words.

The classical tradition not only provided the backdrop against which the Abrahamic religions emerged, but also provided a constant source of inspiration for their development over the...

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An African Religions Perspective

Kwasi Wiredu.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religious Diversity

December 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Comparative Religion. 7118 words.

A very fundamental fact about African religions is that they are not institutional religions. They do not have an organization that one becomes a member of upon converting or being...

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Ancient Near Eastern Millennialism

Robert Gnuse.

in The Oxford Handbook of Millennialism

October 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Religious Studies; Comparative Religion. 8772 words.

Although there existed no real millennial text prior to late Jewish and early Christian texts, there exists an overabundance of resources that heavily draw on millennial texts. This article...

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Ancient Near Eastern Studies: Egypt

Kenneth Kitchen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Religious Studies; Comparative Religion. 4107 words.

This article looks at the impact of ancient Near Eastern studies on biblical scholarship. Before 1800, no accurate first-hand knowledge of Egypt's ancient remains was available to compare...

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Ancient Near Eastern Studies: Mesopotamia

W. G. Lambert.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Religious Studies; Comparative Religion. 5608 words.

This article discusses the impact of ancient Near Eastern studies on biblical scholarship, focusing on written remains of all kinds. Ancient Mesopotamia has yielded tens of thousands of...

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Apocalyptic Religion and Violence

Jamel Velji.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violence

January 2013; p ublished online March 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Comparative Religion; Islam. 4184 words.

This chapter offers a working definition of the apocalyptic, followed by some of the apocalyptic's most important constituent components. Then, it concentrates on associations between these...

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Aquinas and Atheism

Brian Davies.

in The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

November 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Alternative Belief Systems; Christianity; Comparative Religion; Religious Studies; Philosophy of Religion. 9501 words.

This essay aims to explain what Aquinas does and does not mean when using the word ‘God’. It also tries to explain why Aquinas thinks it reasonable to conclude that God exists and how...

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Armageddon in Christian, Sunni, and Shia Traditions

Michael A. Sells.

in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Violence

January 2013; p ublished online March 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Comparative Religion; Islam; Christianity. 15106 words.

This chapter, which looks at the actual or alleged cases of apocalypticism within contemporary Iranian Shi'ite, Saudi Sunni, and American Christian circles, evaluates the issue of...

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Authority of Scripture, Tradition, and the Church

Richard Swinburne.

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophical Theology

March 2011; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Comparative Religion; Christianity; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Islam. 9779 words.

Christianity, Islam, and Judaism all claim that God has given humans a revelation. Divine revelation may be either of God, or by God of propositional truth. Traditionally Christianity has...

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Avertive Apocalypticism

Daniel Wojcik.

in The Oxford Handbook of Millennialism

October 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Philosophy of Religion; Comparative Religion. 10870 words.

The concept of avertive apocalypticism describes a wide range of beliefs that predict imminent worldly destruction and maintains that apocalypse may be averted or forestalled if believers...

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