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Iconicity

Irit Meir and Oksana Tkachman.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics

P ublished online March 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistic Theories; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Phonetics and Phonology; Language Acquisition; Semantics; Sign Languages. 17056 words.

Iconicity is a relationship of resemblance or similarity between the two aspects of a sign: its form and its meaning. An iconic sign is one whose form resembles its meaning in some way. The...

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Languages of the World

William R. Leben.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Language Families; Sign Languages; Sociolinguistics. 11591 words.

About 7,000 languages are spoken around the world today. The actual number depends on where the line is drawn between language and dialect—an arbitrary decision, because languages are...

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