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albatross

Overview page. Subjects: Maritime History — Zoology and Animal Sciences.

The albatross is traditionally believed to bring bad luck, and the word is used for a source of frustration or guilt or an encumbrance, in allusion to Coleridge's poem about the Ancient Mar...

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Alexander, Boyd (1873–1910), traveller and ornithologist

O. J. R. Howarth.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ornithology; World History; Travel and Holiday. 908 words.

Alexander, Boyd (1873–1910), traveller and ornithologist, born at Willesley Place, Cranbrook, Kent, on 16 January 1873, was a twin son (with Robert Alexander) of Colonel Boyd Francis...

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Allen, Joel Asaph

Keir B. Sterling.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences; Conservation, Restoration, and Care of Artworks; Museums, Libraries, and Information Sciences. 1419 words.

Allen, Joel Asaph (19 July 1838–29 August 1921), zoologist and museum official, was born near Springfield, Massachusetts, the son of Joel Allen, a carpenter, housebuilder, and later a...

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Andrews, Roy Chapman

Jan S. Ballard.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 1379 words.

Andrews, Roy Chapman (26 January 1884–11 March 1960), explorer and zoologist, was born in Beloit, Wisconsin, the son of Charles Ezra Andrews, a wholesale druggist, and Cora May Chapman. As...

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Angas, George French (1822–1886), artist and zoologist

Elizabeth Baigent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Art; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 728 words.

Angas, George French (1822–1886), artist and zoologist, born on 25 April 1822 in Newcastle upon Tyne, was the eldest son of George Fife Angas (1789–1879) and his wife, Rosetta French...

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annular

Overview page. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences — Architecture.

Ring-shaped. An annular vault springs from two concentric walls circular on plan, as in Santa Costanza, Rome (c.ad 325).

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Anthony, Harold Elmer

Keir B. Sterling.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mammalogy; History of Science and Technology; Conservation, Restoration, and Care of Artworks; Museums, Libraries, and Information Sciences. 1040 words.

Anthony, Harold Elmer (05 April 1890–29 March 1970), mammalogist, museum curator, and author, was born in Beaverton, Oregon, the son of Alfred Webster Anthony and Anabel Klink. His father,...

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antler

Overview page. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences — Archaeology.

Bony growths borne on the heads of deer (Cervidae). Antlers are shed each year at the end of the rut and regrown the following year, producing more branches with each year. The antlers are...

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Armstrong, Edward Allworthy (1900–1978), ornithologist and Church of England clergyman

K. E. L. Simmons.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Ornithology. 619 words.

Armstrong, Edward Allworthy (1900–1978), ornithologist and Church of England clergyman, was born at Corlea, Lowwood, Belfast, on 8 October 1900, the younger child and only son of Hamilton...

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aspect ratio

Overview page. Subjects: Arts and Humanities — Zoology and Animal Sciences.

Of a fin or wing, the ratio of length to width. A high-aspect-ratio fin or wing tends to be long and thin, producing a high lift- or thrust-to-drag ratio.

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