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Afterword

in Feminism

October 2005; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Feminist Philosophy; Gender and Sexuality. 1431 words.

The ‘Afterword’ asks What is the future for feminism? Does the West still need feminism? How real and persistent is the backlash against feminism? A survey of the debates between feminist...

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Archaeology of Gender in Mesoamerican Societies

Rosemary A. Joyce.

in The Oxford Handbook of Mesoamerican Archaeology

September 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Archaeology by Region; Gender and Sexuality. 4213 words.

This article reviews studies on the archaeology of gender in Mesoamerica. Critical advances in the archaeology of gender in Mesoamerica include explorations of how status and age...

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Aristocratic Economies

Joanna Drell.

in The Oxford Handbook of Women and Gender in Medieval Europe

August 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Gender and Sexuality. 8042 words.

This essay examines the economic activities and "work" of aristocratic women, c.1000–c.1400. Despite the limitations posed by law, custom, and social expectation, women played a central...

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The beginning of secular feminism

in Feminism

October 2005; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Feminist Philosophy; Gender and Sexuality. 2539 words.

‘The beginning of secular feminism’ explores the early secular self-assertion of women, and the difficulties and criticisms they encountered. The significant role of Royalist women during...

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The Bride of Christ, the “Male Woman,” and the Female Reader in Late Antiquity

Kate Cooper.

in The Oxford Handbook of Women and Gender in Medieval Europe

August 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Gender and Sexuality; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 8229 words.

Christian literature in late antiquity offered contrasting models of female sanctity, emphasizing alternately the gender ambiguity of the young woman dressed as a man, and the nuptial...

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Brideprice, Dowry, and other Marital Assigns

Susan Mosher Stuard.

in The Oxford Handbook of Women and Gender in Medieval Europe

August 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Gender and Sexuality; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 7880 words.

Between the eleventh and thirteenth centuries, morgengabe, a husband's gift to his wife marking the formal consummation of marriage, was replaced in Italian, southern French, and Spanish...

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The Byzantine Body

Kathryn Ringrose.

in The Oxford Handbook of Women and Gender in Medieval Europe

August 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Gender and Sexuality; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 8442 words.

The Byzantines perceived the body as malleable, able to be changed to suit the needs of society. They also believed that the appearance of the outer body reflected the quality of the inner...

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Caring for Gendered Bodies

Monica Green.

in The Oxford Handbook of Women and Gender in Medieval Europe

August 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Gender and Sexuality; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 8324 words.

Given the comparatively slow pace of human evolution, the body, as a biological entity, may be taken more or less as a historical constant during the past 1500 years. But every interaction...

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Carolingian Domesticities

Rachel Stone.

in The Oxford Handbook of Women and Gender in Medieval Europe

August 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Gender and Sexuality; Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500). 8282 words.

Carolingian ideas of "home" and "family" encompassed a wide range of meanings from physical buildings to kin and free and unfree dependents. Kinship ties played a vital role, both socially...

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Communism and Women

Donna Harsch.

in The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism

January 2014; p ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Gender and Sexuality; Social and Cultural History. 8188 words.

This article discusses women and gender relations under communism, beginning in the Soviet Union in the 1920s, continuing through the Cold War era in Eastern Europe, and including Cuba and...

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