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Adapting to a Frozen Coastal Environment

Robert W. Park.

in The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology

February 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Archaeology of North America. 3867 words.

In the Arctic, people experience some of the most profound seasonal changes anywhere on earth: the temperature and amount of daylight differ tremendously between summer and winter, the...

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Agricultural Landscapes

Kurt Anschuetz, Eileen L. Camilli and Christopher D. Banet.

in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

October 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of North America; Landscape Archaeology. 5876 words.

The discussion in this chapter is based on the premise that agricultural landscapes are the foundations of the economies, social organizations, and cultural identities of farming...

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The Aleutian Tradition

Debra Corbett and Michael Yarborough.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Prehistoric Arctic

October 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Archaeology of North America. 10506 words.

Archaeological research in the last 35 years has greatly increased our understanding of the complexity and dynamism of prehistoric Aleutian cultures. The traditional view of a uniform and...

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Ancient DNA and Stable Isotopes

Justin Tackney, Joan Coltrain, Jennifer Raff and Dennis O'Rourke.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Prehistoric Arctic

October 2016; p ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Archaeology of North America. 11843 words.

Genetic diversity in modern Arctic communities provides a baseline from which to assess population history. This is augmented by documenting patterns of genetic variation in prehistoric...

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Animal use at early colonies on the southeastern coast of the United States

Elizabeth J. Reitz.

in The Oxford Handbook of Zooarchaeology

March 2017; p ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Environmental Archaeology; Archaeology of North America. 5127 words.

Data from three early European-sponsored colonies in North America indicate that changes in animal use occurred quickly. Over half of the meat from vertebrate sources in a Spanish...

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Animals

Karen Gust Schollmeyer and Katherine A. Spielmann.

in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

October 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of North America; Environmental Archaeology. 7260 words.

Studies of animals in Southwest archaeology have been particularly successful in addressing the social-environmental context of human use of fauna. Two aspects of this topic form the focus...

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Animate Shadows of Bears and Giants

Kevin Conti and William Walker.

in The Oxford Handbook of Light in Archaeology

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of North America; History of Art; Archaeology. 8415 words.

This chapter explores the performance of light and shadows in two ancestral Pueblo rock art sites in southeast Utah. These sites possess anthropomorphic rock faces and modified features to...

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Anthropogenic Landscapes

Christopher I. Roos.

in The Oxford Handbook of Southwest Archaeology

October 2017; p ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of North America; Environmental Archaeology. 5788 words.

It has been suggested that anthropogenic burning may have altered Southwest landscapes at a large scale. Southwestern biomes vary in their propensity for and their susceptibility to...

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Applied Archaeology in the Americas

Jago Cooper and Lindsay Duncan.

in The Oxford Handbook of Historical Ecology and Applied Archaeology

P ublished online February 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Archaeology of North America; Archaeology by Region; Archaeological Methodology and Techniques; Historical Archaeology; Landscape Archaeology. 8144 words.

This chapter considers the role of archaeology in creating solutions for coping with the impacts of global environmental change, illustrated by cases from Latin America. Past examples of...

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The Arawak Diaspora

Michael Heckenberger.

in The Oxford Handbook of Caribbean Archaeology

March 2013; p ublished online June 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Archaeology of North America. 6289 words.

This article discusses the full range of Arawak and closely related groups. It addresses four primary aspects of the diaspora: histories of studies on the Arawak; language groupings and...

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