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Agriculture and Farming

Zeev Safrai.

in The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Daily Life in Roman Palestine

August 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical History; Historical Archaeology. 7866 words.

This article presents a survey of research in farming and agriculture. It discusses the extent the economy was open that involved export and import. It then demonstrates how the local...

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Arts and Crafts, Manufacture and Production

Uzi Leibner.

in The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Daily Life in Roman Palestine

August 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical History; Historical Archaeology. 13208 words.

This article deals with Jewish arts and crafts and manufacture and production. It first introduces the sources used to shed more light on the crafts, manufacture, and production industries...

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Books and Literacy

Wolfgang Rösler.

in The Oxford Handbook of Hellenic Studies

August 2009; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Greek History; Historical Archaeology. 4619 words.

Undeniably, in the course of time, texts and readers became more prominent. Yet, as this article explains, all ancient texts remain part of a larger cultural context that is different from...

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Clothing

Dafna Shlezinger‐Katsman.

in The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Daily Life in Roman Palestine

August 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical History; Historical Archaeology. 8429 words.

This article discusses the garments that were worn by the Jews in Israel during the Graeco-Roman period. The discussion uses available material and literary sources, and tries to determine...

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The Coinage of Athens, Sixth to First Century B.C.

Peter G. Van Alfen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Greek and Roman Coinage

February 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Greek History; Historical Archaeology. 6713 words.

When the Athenians began to strike coins in the sixth century BC, they produced one of the earliest coinages in the Greek mainland, appearing within a generation or two of the first coins...

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The Coinage of Italy

N. K. Rutter.

in The Oxford Handbook of Greek and Roman Coinage

February 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Historical Archaeology. 5753 words.

The first coinages of Italy were issued in the sixth century by a group of cities on the coast of the Ionian Sea: Metapontum, Sybaris, and Croton, with Caulonia. All four cities adopted the...

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The Coinage of Roman Egypt

Angelo Geissen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Greek and Roman Coinage

February 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Historical Archaeology; Egyptology. 8462 words.

Already under the Ptolemies, the coinage of Egypt circulated in a closed currency system: foreign money had to be exchanged for the local currency at the borders, and Egyptian currency...

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The Coinage of Sicily

Wolfgang Fischer-Bossert.

in The Oxford Handbook of Greek and Roman Coinage

February 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Historical Archaeology. 6280 words.

The numismatic history of Sicily reflects the vicissitudes of its political history in truly unique fashion. Cities were conquered and destroyed, populations displaced and resettled,...

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The Coinage of the Later Roman Empire, 364–498

Sam Moorhead.

in The Oxford Handbook of Greek and Roman Coinage

February 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Historical Archaeology. 11079 words.

With the enactment of Anastasius's monetary reforms of AD 498, the Western Roman Empire had collapsed and Constantinople now ruled over the rump state that was to be called the Byzantine...

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Communication in Late Antiquity: Use and Reuse

Andrew Gillett.

in The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity

October 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Historical Archaeology. 15310 words.

This article analyzes one notable aspect of Late Antiquity: the upsurge in letter-writing among social elites and, particularly, in the publication of their letters in edited collections....

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