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Agricola

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — British History.

[Na]

Gnaeus Julius Agricola was governor of Britain between ad 78 and ad 84. Thanks to the biography by his son‐in‐law Tacitus, we know a good deal about his life. He was born in...

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Allectus

Overview page. Subjects: British History — Archaeology.

[Na]

Roman finance minister to the usurper Carausius and his murderer in ad 293. Allectus was defeated and deposed by Constantius Chlorus, in ad 296.

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burgages

Overview page. Subjects: British History — Archaeology.

[De]

Property which usually included a house and yard in an ancient borough. Often with a narrow street frontage and a long narrow strip of land behind. Held for a fixed money rent...

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cacao

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — History of the Americas.

[Sp]

Seed pod from an evergreen tree (Theobroma cacao) native to the tropical lowlands of South and Central America from which chocolate is made. Cacao attained importance as a...

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Casas Grandes

Overview page. Subjects: History of the Americas — Archaeology.

Also known as Paquimé, was once one of the largest and most influential communities in the American Southwest and northern Mexico. Casas Grandes is located in northwestern Chihuahua at the...

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Catuvellauni

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — British History.

A British tribe and civitas. The Catuvellauni first appear in Dio Cassius' account of the Claudian invasion of ad 43, where they led the opposition to the Roman forces. We can trace the...

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Ceawlin

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — British History.

(d. c.593),

king of the West Saxons (560–91). Ceawlin, who began to reign in 560, fought against the Britons. At the battle of Dyrham in 577 he is reported to have defeated three...

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ceremonial centre

Overview page. Subjects: History of the Americas — Archaeology.

[MC]

In Mesoamerica, ceremonial centres represent one interpretation for the main form of urban site, especially in the Olmec and Maya civilizations. Each centre typically...

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chacmool

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — History of the Americas.

[Ar]

A type of anthropomorphous altar found on Mesoamerican religious sites dating to the early 1st millennium ad. The top of the stone altar is adorned with a reclining human...

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chenes

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — History of the Americas.

[De]

An architectural style of the Lowland Maya of central Yucatán current during the later 1st millennium ad. Characterized by the use of elaborately decorated pre‐cut veneer...

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