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Agricola

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — British History.

[Na]

Gnaeus Julius Agricola was governor of Britain between ad 78 and ad 84. Thanks to the biography by his son‐in‐law Tacitus, we know a good deal about his life. He was born in...

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Allectus

Overview page. Subjects: British History — Archaeology.

[Na]

Roman finance minister to the usurper Carausius and his murderer in ad 293. Allectus was defeated and deposed by Constantius Chlorus, in ad 296.

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burgages

Overview page. Subjects: British History — Archaeology.

[De]

Property which usually included a house and yard in an ancient borough. Often with a narrow street frontage and a long narrow strip of land behind. Held for a fixed money rent...

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Catuvellauni

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — British History.

A British tribe and civitas. The Catuvellauni first appear in Dio Cassius' account of the Claudian invasion of ad 43, where they led the opposition to the Roman forces. We can trace the...

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Ceawlin

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — British History.

(d. c.593),

king of the West Saxons (560–91). Ceawlin, who began to reign in 560, fought against the Britons. At the battle of Dyrham in 577 he is reported to have defeated three...

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Classis Britannica

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — British History.

Was the name of the Roman fleet which policed the Channel. Its main base was at Boulogne, with an important installation at Dover. Bricks and tiles stamped CL BR are widely distributed in...

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Constantine III

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — British History.

(d. 411).

Usurper, proclaimed emperor by Roman troops in Britain. At the beginning of the 5th cent. ad Roman Britain was not heavily defended, Stilicho having withdrawn troops in...

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Cynric

Overview page. Subjects: British History — Archaeology.

Son of Cerdic, is said by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle to have landed with his father in 495. Until his father's reputed death in 534, every reference is an alliterative pairing, suggesting...

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Damnonii

Overview page. Subjects: British History — Archaeology.

[CP]

Late Iron Age tribe living in southwestern Scotland at the time of the Roman conquest and for some time before.

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Iceni

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — British History.

A tribe of ancient Britons inhabiting an area of SE England in present-day Norfolk and Suffolk. Their queen, Boudicca, led an unsuccessful rebellion against the Romans in ad 60.

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