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cacao

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — History of the Americas.

[Sp]

Seed pod from an evergreen tree (Theobroma cacao) native to the tropical lowlands of South and Central America from which chocolate is made. Cacao attained importance as a...

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Casas Grandes

Overview page. Subjects: History of the Americas — Archaeology.

Also known as Paquimé, was once one of the largest and most influential communities in the American Southwest and northern Mexico. Casas Grandes is located in northwestern Chihuahua at the...

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ceremonial centre

Overview page. Subjects: History of the Americas — Archaeology.

[MC]

In Mesoamerica, ceremonial centres represent one interpretation for the main form of urban site, especially in the Olmec and Maya civilizations. Each centre typically...

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chacmool

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — History of the Americas.

[Ar]

A type of anthropomorphous altar found on Mesoamerican religious sites dating to the early 1st millennium ad. The top of the stone altar is adorned with a reclining human...

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chenes

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — History of the Americas.

[De]

An architectural style of the Lowland Maya of central Yucatán current during the later 1st millennium ad. Characterized by the use of elaborately decorated pre‐cut veneer...

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Chichimec

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — History of the Americas.

[CP]

A general term used to refer to simple village farmers living on the northern fringes of Mesoamerica around the turn of the 1st millennium ad. The Chichimec were regarded as...

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Copán

Overview page. Subjects: History of the Americas — Archaeology.

Is a major Classic Maya royal center on the southeastern frontier of Mesoamerica. Between a.d. 400 and 800 it was the capital of a regional polity covering several hundred square ...

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El Mirador

Overview page. Subjects: History of the Americas — Archaeology.

[Si]

Large settlement site of the Mayan Lowlands dating to the late Formative (Pre‐Classic) period. Construction began about 150 bc and the site was abandoned about ad 150....

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Kaminaljuyú

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — History of the Americas.

The major Maya urban center of the Central Guatemalan Highlands from the Middle Formative (Preclassic) until the end of the Classic period (1000 bce–900 ce). Its fortunes fluctuated, but...

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La Venta

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — History of the Americas.

Archaeological knowledge of the Olmec Civilization, until quite recently, came almost exclusively from the site of La Venta, located on an old channel of the Río Tonalá in the state ...

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