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brachycephaly

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Archaeology.

n. shortness of the skull, with a cephalic index of about 80. —brachycephalic adj.

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cesspit/cesspool

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Public Health and Epidemiology.

An obsolete method of sewage disposal consisting of a pond or pit into which sewage is dumped. It is occasionally still used in some low-income countries. It is malodorous and a potential...

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filler

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Dentistry.

N.

An inert material added to resin composite to increase strength and abrasion resistance. Filler particles are usually composed of quartz or glasses containing barium or...

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griddle

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Medicine and Health.

[Ar]

Flat ceramic plate used for baking manioc as the final stage in the process of detoxifying it for human consumption. Such griddles are especially common in the northeastern...

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human Evolution

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Medicine and Health.

IntroductionPrimate Ancestors of HumansFossil Evidence For Human EvolutionThe Origins of Human BehaviorThe Archaeology of Human Origins

Introduction

Primate Ancestors of...

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labret

Overview page. Subjects: Dentistry — Archaeology.

[Ar]

A kind of lip stud, usually decorated, and inserted into a ready‐made incision in the lower lip. Made of almost any hard material such as stone, bone, metal, or ceramic, they...

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lazybed

Overview page. Subjects: Medicine and Health — Archaeology.

[MC]

A method of manual cultivation in which land is dug over with a spade to form low ridges of between 0.5 m and 2.5 m wide and with narrow furrows in between to assist drainage....

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mortar

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Dentistry.

An urn-shaped vessel in which materials may be crushed or ground with a pestle. It was formerly used for mixing amalgam alloy powder and mercury (trituration).

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poorhouse

Overview page. Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — Archaeology.

[MC]

A house set up by the parish authorities under the Elizabethan Poor Law to accommodate those poor people who could not be supported at home. Parish poorhouses were abolished...

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querns

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Medicine and Health.

Pair of grinding stones used for pulverizing grain (from about 4000–2000 bc). The lower stone was slightly hollowed and the upper stone was rolled by hand on the lower one.

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