Oxford Index Browse

You are looking at 1-10 of 22 items for:

Archaeology x Biological Sciences x clear all

Refine by type

Refine by product

 

Abbott, Charles Conrad

Michael J. Brodhead.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Archaeology; Natural History. 917 words.

Abbott, Charles Conrad (04 June 1843–27 July 1919), naturalist and archaeologist, was born in Trenton, New Jersey, the son of Timothy Abbott, a banker, and Susan Conrad. As a child he loved...

Go to American National Biography Online »  home page

accelerator mass spectrometry

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Ecology and Conservation.

(AMS)

A technique for radiocarbon dating in which a cyclotron is used to measure directly the number of 14C atoms or the proportion of 14C to 12C and 13C atoms in the sample....

See overview in Oxford Index

antler

Overview page. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences — Archaeology.

Bony growths borne on the heads of deer (Cervidae). Antlers are shed each year at the end of the rut and regrown the following year, producing more branches with each year. The antlers are...

See overview in Oxford Index

Archaic and transitional hominins

in Human Evolution

November 2005; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Archaeology; Biological Sciences; Human Evolution. 3512 words.

‘Archaic and transitional hominins’ deals with creatures that almost certainly belong to the hominin clade, but which are still far from resembling modern humans. These hominins share more...

Go to Very Short Introductions »  abstract

auger

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Biological Sciences.

A tool used primarily for soil sampling, but also for sampling peats and other unconsolidated sediments. The simplest and most universal form has a screw head to bore the soil or sediment....

See overview in Oxford Index

Babington, (Charles) Cardale

D. E. Allen.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Archaeology; Botany. 1928 words.

Babington, (Charles) Cardale (1808–1895), botanist and archaeologist, was born on 23 November 1808, at Ludlow, Shropshire, the son of Joseph Babington (1768–1826), at that time a physician,...

Go to Oxford Dictionary of National Biography »  home page

Bicknell, Clarence

Desmond Hawkins.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Archaeology; Botany. 1047 words.

Bicknell, Clarence (1842–1918), archaeologist and botanist, the youngest son of Elhanan Bicknell (1788–1861), financier and art patron, and his third wife, Lucinda Sarah (1801–1850), sister...

Go to Oxford Dictionary of National Biography »  home page

Cro-Magnon man

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Biological Sciences.

[De]

A general and rarely used term that refers in a collective way to modern humans, Homo sapiens sapiens, of the period 35 000 to 10 000 years ago. The name comes from the...

See overview in Oxford Index

Early hominins: possible and probable

in Human Evolution

November 2005; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Archaeology; Biological Sciences; Human Evolution. 2974 words.

‘Early hominins: possible and probable’ considers the ‘candidate’ taxa that have been suggested to be at the very base of the hominin clade. Hominin evolution in Africa began at a time of...

Go to Very Short Introductions »  abstract

elm decline

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Ecology and Conservation.

The sharp decrease in the amount of elm (Ulmus) pollen that occurs throughout north-western Europe in soil horizons radiocarbon-dated within 100–200 years of 5000 bp. Associated changes in...

See overview in Oxford Index