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acorn cup

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

Covered silver cup shaped like the cupulate involucre in which the acorn grows, usually mounted on a botanical stem. Acorn cups were popular in Elizabethan and Jacobean England.

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Adam Usk

Chris Given-Wilson.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 4611 words.

The chronicler Adam Usk was born in the parish of Usk in South Wales around 1350 and died there in early 1430, but the life he led was far from parochial, involving intrigue, betrayal,...

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Adam van Noort

Overview page. Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700) — Art.

(b Antwerp, 1562; d Antwerp, ?Sept. 1641).

Flemish history and portrait painter, remembered chiefly as one of the teachers of Rubens. Too little is known of the style of either ...

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Ælfric

Joyce Hill.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online August 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 13617 words.

The homilist Ælfric (c. 950–1010), monk, masspriest, and abbot of Eynsham, is the most significant vernacular prose writer from Anglo-Saxon England by virtue of the quantity and quality of...

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Aelred of Rievaulx

Marsha L. Dutton.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online April 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 12970 words.

The most prominent of the Cistercian abbots of 12th-century England, Aelred of Rievaulx (b. 1110–d. 1167), also spelled Ailred or Æthelred, was a popular preacher and a prolific writer,...

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agate glass

Overview page. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

An imitation of agate made by blending molten glass of two or more colours. The technique was known in antiquity and revived in late fifteenth-century Venice and Germany.

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Agostino Chigi

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

(b Siena, 29 Nov. 1466; d Rome, 11 Apr. 1520).

Italian banker and merchant, one of the greatest patrons of the Renaissance. The immensely wealthy Chigi was the leading financier in...

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Aix-en-Provence

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Renaissance Art.

This Roman resort town became a regional capital of Gaul in the late empire. Originally under the ecclesiastical control of Arles, it became an archbishopric in the 8th century, and ...

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Alcaraz

Overview page. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).

Spanish centre of carpet production in Murcia. Alcaraz was one of the two principal centres (together with Cuenca) of carpet production in 15th- and 16th-century Spain. The hand-knotted...

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Alcuin of York

Valerie L. Garver.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 10095 words.

Alcuin of York (b. c. 735/740–d. 804) ranks among the most influential scholars of the early Middle Ages. His works ranged a relatively wide gamut from theology to political thought,...

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