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amethyst

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Chemistry.

The purple variety of the mineral quartz. It is found chiefly in Brazil, the Urals (Soviet Union), Arizona (USA), and Uruguay. The colour is due to impurities, especially iron oxide. It is...

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carbon black

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Art.

A fine carbon powder made by burning hydrocarbons in insufficient air. It is used as a pigment and a filler (e.g. for rubber).

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HENDERSON, Paul (<i>born</i> 1940), Director of Science, Natural History Museum, 1995–2003

in Who's Who

P ublished online November 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Science and Technology; Chemistry; Social and Cultural History; Education; Organization and Management of Education; History of Art; Arts and Humanities; Exhibition Catalogues and Specific Collections. 250 words.

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indigo

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Art.

A blue vat dye, C16H10N2O2. It occurs as the glucoside indican in the leaves of plants of the genus Indigofera, from which it was formerly extracted. It is now made synthetically.

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linseed oil

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Chemistry.

A pale yellow oil pressed from flax seed. It contains a mixture of glycerides of fatty acids, including linoleic acid and linolenic acid. It is a drying oil, used in oil paints, varnishes,...

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LLOYD, Brian Beynon (1920 - 2010), Director, International Nutrition Foundation, 1990–95; Chairman of Directors, Oxford Gallery, 1967–97; Chairman, Trumedia Study Oxford Ltd, since 1985

in Who Was Who

P ublished online April 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: History of Art; Arts and Humanities; Exhibition Catalogues and Specific Collections; History of Medicine; Medicine and Health; History of Science and Technology; Biological Sciences; Chemistry. 334 words.

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Perspex

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Industrial and Commercial Art.

First developed in the 1930s as polymerized methyl methylacrylate, this durable thermoplastic was first produced commercially under the registered trade name of Perspex by ICI in 1935....

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ruby

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Chemistry.

The transparent red variety of the mineral corundum, the colour being due to the presence of traces of chromium. It is a valuable gemstone, more precious than diamonds. The finest rubies...

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sapphire

Overview page. Subjects: Art — Chemistry.

A transparent precious stone, typically blue, which was the second jewel in the walls of the New Jerusalem, as described in Revelations 21:19.

The word comes (in Middle English,...

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sinister

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Art.

(Latin, ‘left’)

Used in heraldry to describe the left-hand part of the shield, but as viewed from behind, therefore meaning right when the shield is seen from the front. See dexter.

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