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A. C. Gilbert

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

(1884–1962)

An American inventor of note and originator of the Erector constructional toy in 1913, Gilbert originally trained at Yale Medical School before going on to found the...

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Abram Games

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

(1914–96)

British graphic designer, born in London. His father was of Latvian origin. His mother came from the border area between Russia and Poland. He started as a freelance...

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ABS

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

(acrylontrile‐butadiene‐styrene) (1940s– ) ABS was one of many of the new breed of plastics that emerged in the post‐Second World War period.

It is a strong material that can be...

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Achille Castiglione

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

(1918–2002)

After graduating in architecture from Milan Polytechnic in 1944, Achille Castiglione worked in a wide range of design fields in collaboration with his brothers Livio...

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Action Man

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

(1966–84)

Toy manufacturer Hessenfeld Brothers originally launched this 12‐inch (30 cm) tall figure in 1964 in the USA as GI Joe. Following a company takeover by the General Mills...

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Adhocism

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art — Architecture.

Design, essentially a collage, where every part of a building, or each element of a building-complex, is designed with scant regard to the whole, and often involves disparate parts taken...

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ADI

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

(Associazione per il Disegno Industriale) (established 1956)

ADI, the Association for Industrial Design, has exerted a powerful voice in the promotion of the design profession in...

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A&E design

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

(established 1968)

This Swedish design consultancy was established in Stockholm by Tom Ahlström and Hans Ehrich (1942– ), who had worked in Italy earlier in the 1960s. The company...

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AEG

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

(Allgemeine Elektrizitäts Gesellschaft) (established 1883)

AEG was originally founded as the Deutsche Edison Gesellschaft für angewandte Elektrizitäts (DEG) by engineer Emil...

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Afra Scarpa

Overview page. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art.

(1937– ) and

(1935– )

Italian architect‐designers Afra and Tobia Scarpa, fellow architecture graduates in Venice, collaborated on many designs that have subsequently...

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