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alphabet, Greek

John William Pirie, Lilian Hamilton Jeffery and Alan Johnston.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online July 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology; Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 953 words.

In early Greece various forms of alphabet were current but all derived from a *Phoenician (Semitic) source, which must have...

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epigraphy, Etruscan

Jean Turfa.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Greek and Roman Archaeology; Religion in the Ancient World. 5134 words.

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grammar, grammarians, Latin

R. A. Kaster.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Literature; Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 1015 words.

The Romans came to study their own language only late, under the impulse of Hellenistic philosophy; the Greek influence was permanent and is clearly indicated by the calques that constitute much of...

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Sabelli

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Ancient Roman History. 204 words.

Sabelli is not synonymous with *Sabini. It is the Roman name for speakers of *Oscan. They called themselves Safineis and their chief official *meddix. They expanded from their original...

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Vulgar Latin

Roger Wright.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Literature; Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 3487 words.

The language of the Roman Empire, spoken and written, was Latin. Like all languages spoken over a wide area for a long time, it varied greatly. Since the arrival of sociolinguistics in the 1960s, it...

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