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Classical Studies x Metaphysics x clear all

Alteration and Persistence: Form and Matter in the <i>Physics</i> and <i>De Generatione et Corruptione</i>

S. Marc Cohen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle

August 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy; Metaphysics; Philosophy of Science. 12006 words.

Aristotle's Physics is a study of nature (phusis) and of natural objects (ta phusei). According to him, these objects—either all of them or at least some of them—are in motion. That is,...

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The Ancient Greeks

Sarah Broadie.

in The Oxford Handbook of Causation

November 2009; p ublished online January 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Metaphysics; Classical Philosophy. 9363 words.

There are various motives for refining the notion of cause. Aristotle's was an interest in providing the most informative and illuminating method of explaining the central natural phenomena...

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Aristotle on the Infinite

Ursula Coope.

in The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle

August 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy; Metaphysics; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic. 10944 words.

In Physics, Aristotle starts his positive account of the infinite by raising a problem: “[I]f one supposes it not to exist, many impossible things result, and equally if one supposes it to...

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Aristotle's Categorial Scheme

Paul Studtmann.

in The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle

August 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy; Metaphysics. 8409 words.

Aristotle's categorial scheme had an unparalleled effect not only on his own philosophical system, but also on the systems of many of the greatest philosophers in the Western tradition. The...

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Atomism's Eleatic Roots

David Sedley.

in The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy

October 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy; Metaphysics; Philosophy of Science. 14567 words.

Presocratic atomism was one of the most influential of the early theories: both Plato and Aristotle thought of it as a major competing theory, and it was an important source for...

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Being <b> <i>Qua</i> </b> Being

Christopher Shields.

in The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle

August 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy; Metaphysics. 14878 words.

According to Aristotle, there is a science (epistêmê) that studies being qua being, and the attributes belonging to it in its own right. This claim, which opens Metaphysics IV 1, is both...

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Death in Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle

Gareth B. Matthews.

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Death

December 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Metaphysics; Classical Philosophy. 6784 words.

This chapter examines the views of death by ancient Greek philosophers including Aristotle, Socrates, and Plato. It suggests that Aristotle offered no cheerful optimism similar to Socrates...

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<i>Energeia</i> and <i>Dunamis</i>

Stephen Makin.

in The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle

August 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy; Metaphysics. 11461 words.

Modalities enter into practically every area of contemporary philosophy. Great progress has been made in understanding the variety of differences between what is possible, what is actual,...

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Leucippus's Atomism

Daniel W. Graham.

in The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy

October 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy; Metaphysics; Philosophy of Science. 9684 words.

The founder of atomic theory, according to Aristotle and Theophrastus, is Leucippus. His very existence has been called into question. Three of the best minds of nineteenth-century...

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Metaphysics and Logic of the Trinity

Dale Tuggy.

P ublished online December 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy of Religion; Metaphysics; History of Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Classical Philosophy. 11838 words.

Recent work by analytic philosophers on the Trinity takes a mysterious 5th-century document as its starting point, accepting widespread but inaccurate narratives about the history of...

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