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Alteration and Persistence: Form and Matter in the <i>Physics</i> and <i>De Generatione et Corruptione</i>

S. Marc Cohen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle

August 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy; Metaphysics; Philosophy of Science. 12006 words.

Aristotle's Physics is a study of nature (phusis) and of natural objects (ta phusei). According to him, these objects—either all of them or at least some of them—are in motion. That is,...

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Aristotle on Earlier Natural Science

Edward Hussey.

in The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle

August 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy; Philosophy of Science. 15242 words.

In the field of natural science, Aristotle recognizes as his forerunners a select group of theorists such as Heraclitus of Ephesus, Empedocles of Acragas, Anaxagoras of Clazomenae, and...

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Atomism's Eleatic Roots

David Sedley.

in The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy

October 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy; Metaphysics; Philosophy of Science. 14567 words.

Presocratic atomism was one of the most influential of the early theories: both Plato and Aristotle thought of it as a major competing theory, and it was an important source for...

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The Cloud‐Astrophysics of Xenophanes and Ionian Material Monism

Alexander P. D. Mourelatos.

in The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy

October 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy; Philosophy of Science. 16509 words.

This article discusses Xenophanes' “cloud astro-physics”. It analyses and explains all heavenly and meteorological phenomena in terms of clouds. It provides a view of this newer Xenophanes,...

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The Complexity of Aristotle's Study of Animals

James G. Lennox.

in The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle

August 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy; Philosophy of Science. 10211 words.

Aristotle is the first person in the history of science to see the study of nature as an articulated complex of interrelated, yet somewhat autonomous, investigations. Understanding why goes...

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Leucippus's Atomism

Daniel W. Graham.

in The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy

October 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy; Metaphysics; Philosophy of Science. 9684 words.

The founder of atomic theory, according to Aristotle and Theophrastus, is Leucippus. His very existence has been called into question. Three of the best minds of nineteenth-century...

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Matter in Scientific Definitions in Aristotle

Michail Peramatzis.

P ublished online April 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Philosophy; Philosophy of Science. 16388 words.

This chapter distinguishes between the different types of definition discussed in Aristotle’s Posterior Analytics II.10 and argues that only some of them are, strictly speaking, scientific:...

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Milesian Measures: Time, Space, and Matter

Stephen A. White.

in The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy

October 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy; Philosophy of Science. 24668 words.

Any attempt to trace the origin of Greek philosophy faces two complementary problems. One is the fact that evidence for the early philosophers is woefully meager. The other problem raises a...

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Presocratic Cosmologies

M. R. Wright.

in The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy

October 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy; Metaphysics; Philosophy of Science. 10727 words.

This article explores early Greeks' cosmological speculation, showing how they explored the possibility of a “theory of everything” and human understanding of the cosmos. In the exposition...

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Reason, Cause, and Explanation in Presocratic Philosophy

R. J. Hankinson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy

October 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Classical Philosophy; Philosophy of Science. 11811 words.

In the Archaic Geek world of epic poetry, the causes of things are shrouded in divine mystery; the gods intervene in human affairs, and bring about events, in a cruel and capricious...

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