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Archelaus

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Biblical Studies.

Son of Herod the Great, who inherited the territory of Judaea, Samaria, and Idumea, but after popular disturbances was banished to Greece by the emperor in 6 ce.

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Artaxerxes

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Biblical Studies.

In Ezra 4: 7 etc. the reference is probably to Artaxerxes I, king of Persia 465–424bce, whose appointment of Nehemiah as governor in Jerusalem was probably to assist his ambitions against...

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Corinth

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Biblical Studies.

In NT times Corinth (in modern Greece) was the capital of a Roman province and a commercially important city. The Church there was established by St Paul c.50. It included prominent Jewish...

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Elam

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies — Classical Studies.

A country east of the lower Tigris. Elam is first mentioned in the OT in Gen. 14 where the king is one of a coalition, but it comes frequently into the history of the 8th and 7th cents. bce...

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Felix

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Biblical Studies.

Governor of Judaea from 52 ce; he had been appointed on the recommendation of the high priest Jonathan. Paul was tried by Antonius Felix at Caesarea (probably in 60 ce).

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herald

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Biblical Studies.

A court official in Babylon who issued a proclamation from King Nebuchadnezzar (Dan. 3: 4), but in Isa. 40: 9 one who announces good tidings. Paul is similarly called a herald of good news...

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Idumaea

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Biblical Studies.

The Greek name for the land of Edom. After 586 bce Edomites began to move into Judaea from Beth-zur to Beer-sheba, but the area changed hands several times in the last two centuries bce....

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mystery

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Biblical Studies.

The secret rites of Greek and Roman pagan religion, or of any ancient or tribal religion, to which only initiates are admitted.

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ointment

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Biblical Studies.

1. Olive oil mixed with fragrant spices (Esther 2: 12).

2. The ‘costly ointment’ poured on Jesus' head at Bethany (Matt. 26: 7) was of ‘nard’ (Mark 14:...

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Ptolemais

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies — Classical Studies.

The name given to the seaport Acco (Judg. 1: 31) by the Egyptians in the 3rd and 2nd cents. bce and one of the towns which mobilized an army against Judas Maccabaeus (1 Macc. 5: 15). Paul...

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