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Archelaus

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Biblical Studies.

Son of Herod the Great, who inherited the territory of Judaea, Samaria, and Idumea, but after popular disturbances was banished to Greece by the emperor in 6 ce.

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Artaxerxes

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Biblical Studies.

In Ezra 4: 7 etc. the reference is probably to Artaxerxes I, king of Persia 465–424bce, whose appointment of Nehemiah as governor in Jerusalem was probably to assist his ambitions against...

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Corinth

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Biblical Studies.

In NT times Corinth (in modern Greece) was the capital of a Roman province and a commercially important city. The Church there was established by St Paul c.50. It included prominent Jewish...

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Elam

Overview page. Subjects: Biblical Studies — Classical Studies.

A country east of the lower Tigris. Elam is first mentioned in the OT in Gen. 14 where the king is one of a coalition, but it comes frequently into the history of the 8th and 7th cents. bce...

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Felix

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Biblical Studies.

Governor of Judaea from 52 ce; he had been appointed on the recommendation of the high priest Jonathan. Paul was tried by Antonius Felix at Caesarea (probably in 60 ce).

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herald

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Biblical Studies.

A court official in Babylon who issued a proclamation from King Nebuchadnezzar (Dan. 3: 4), but in Isa. 40: 9 one who announces good tidings. Paul is similarly called a herald of good news...

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Idumaea

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Biblical Studies.

The Greek name for the land of Edom. After 586 bce Edomites began to move into Judaea from Beth-zur to Beer-sheba, but the area changed hands several times in the last two centuries bce....

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Kenyon, Sir Frederic George

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Classical Studies; Biblical Studies; Art; Museums, Libraries, and Information Sciences. 1503 words.

Kenyon, Sir Frederic George (1863–1952), Greek and biblical scholar and museum director, was born on 15 January 1863, the seventh son and the eleventh of the fifteen children (eleven boys,...

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Merrick, James

J. R. Watson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Biblical Studies; Classical Studies. 1196 words.

Merrick, James (1720–1769), biblical and classical scholar and translator, was born at Reading on 8 January 1720, the son of John Merrick MD (1669/70–1757) and Elizabeth (d. 1764), daughter...

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mystery

Overview page. Subjects: Classical Studies — Biblical Studies.

The secret rites of Greek and Roman pagan religion, or of any ancient or tribal religion, to which only initiates are admitted.

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