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Abraham and Authenticity

Reuven Firestone.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Abrahamic Religions

October 2015; p ublished online November 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Islam; Religion in the Ancient World. 9308 words.

The Abrahamic religions recognize Abraham as the first to arrive at the truth of monotheism and live out the ideal relationship with God. He is the archetype of the stalwart religious...

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Ancient Versions and Textual Transmission of the Old Testament

Gerard J. Norton.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Religion in the Ancient World; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity. 11908 words.

This article first gives a schematic outline of the history of the Hebrew text in four stages. It then presents the elements that readers will meet in modern editions of that text. These...

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Apocalypticism and Messianism

Michael A. Knibb.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls

October 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Philosophy of Religion. 14860 words.

The beliefs of the movement that lies behind the scrolls were influenced by the eschatological ideas of the early Enochic writings and by the Book of Daniel, and although the movement does...

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Archaeology

John R. Bartlett.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity. 8834 words.

This article discusses archaeology's impact on biblical scholarship, especially over the last two centuries. It describes the Christian pilgrims, explorers, travellers, map makers, and...

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Archaeology

John R. Bartlett.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity. 4733 words.

This article discusses the contributions of archaeology to biblical scholarship. Biblical scholarship needs the archaeologist as it needs the anthropologist, the epigraphist, the...

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Assessing the Text‐Critical Theories of the Hebrew Bible after Qumran

Ronald S. Hendel.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls

October 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Religious Studies; Religion in the Ancient World. 8845 words.

The biblical texts from Qumran are the oldest manuscripts of the Hebrew Bible, dating from the mid-third century BCE through the first century CE. Prior to the discovery of the Qumran...

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Authoritative Scriptures and the Dead Sea Scrolls

Timothy H. Lim.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls

October 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Religious Studies; Religion in the Ancient World. 9695 words.

The approach advocated in this article is the understanding of canon as authoritative literature that is binding for the Qumran community. The distinctive features of this approach are:...

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Cestius Gallus, Gaius, suffect consul, 42 CE ,

Nadav Sharon.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies; Ancient Roman History. 1589 words.

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The Classical Sources on the Essenes and the Scrolls Communities

Joan E. Taylor.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls

October 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Religious Studies. 13120 words.

The nature of groups named in classical sources as ‘Essenes’ was considered in scholarship of Second Temple Judaism long before the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, but discussion of the...

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Constructing Ancient Judaism from the Scrolls

Martin Goodman.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls

October 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Religious Studies; Religion in the Ancient World. 5187 words.

Most of the Dead Sea Scrolls can be classified as religious documents of one kind or another, and all the studies since 1947 that have been devoted to their significance can be...

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