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Ancient Near Eastern Millennialism

Robert Gnuse.

in The Oxford Handbook of Millennialism

October 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Philosophy of Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Religious Studies; Comparative Religion. 8772 words.

Although there existed no real millennial text prior to late Jewish and early Christian texts, there exists an overabundance of resources that heavily draw on millennial texts. This article...

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Ancient Near Eastern Studies: Egypt

Kenneth Kitchen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Religious Studies; Comparative Religion. 4107 words.

This article looks at the impact of ancient Near Eastern studies on biblical scholarship. Before 1800, no accurate first-hand knowledge of Egypt's ancient remains was available to compare...

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Ancient Near Eastern Studies: Mesopotamia

W. G. Lambert.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Religious Studies; Comparative Religion. 5608 words.

This article discusses the impact of ancient Near Eastern studies on biblical scholarship, focusing on written remains of all kinds. Ancient Mesopotamia has yielded tens of thousands of...

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Ancient Versions and Textual Transmission of the Old Testament

Gerard J. Norton.

in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies

February 2008; p ublished online September 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Religion in the Ancient World; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Christianity. 11908 words.

This article first gives a schematic outline of the history of the Hebrew text in four stages. It then presents the elements that readers will meet in modern editions of that text. These...

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Assessing the Text‐Critical Theories of the Hebrew Bible after Qumran

Ronald S. Hendel.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls

October 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Religious Studies; Religion in the Ancient World. 8845 words.

The biblical texts from Qumran are the oldest manuscripts of the Hebrew Bible, dating from the mid-third century BCE through the first century CE. Prior to the discovery of the Qumran...

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Augustine and Pelagius on the Epistle to the Romans

Mark Edwards.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Reception History of the Bible

January 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Christianity; Religious Studies; Religion in the Ancient World. 6045 words.

Perhaps no scriptural passage has divided the church so bitterly, or so often, as the ninth article of the Epistle to the Romans. Predestinarian readings take two forms, one of which...

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Authoritative Scriptures and the Dead Sea Scrolls

Timothy H. Lim.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls

October 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Religious Studies; Religion in the Ancient World. 9695 words.

The approach advocated in this article is the understanding of canon as authoritative literature that is binding for the Qumran community. The distinctive features of this approach are:...

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The Classical Sources on the Essenes and the Scrolls Communities

Joan E. Taylor.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls

October 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religion in the Ancient World; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Religious Studies. 13120 words.

The nature of groups named in classical sources as ‘Essenes’ was considered in scholarship of Second Temple Judaism long before the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, but discussion of the...

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Constructing Ancient Judaism from the Scrolls

Martin Goodman.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls

October 2010; p ublished online January 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Judaism and Jewish Studies; Religious Studies; Religion in the Ancient World. 5187 words.

Most of the Dead Sea Scrolls can be classified as religious documents of one kind or another, and all the studies since 1947 that have been devoted to their significance can be...

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The Construction of Gender in the New Testament

Colleen M. Conway.

in The Oxford Handbook of Theology, Sexuality, and Gender

November 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Religion; Religious Studies; Christianity; Religion in the Ancient World. 8501 words.

This chapter begins with a brief overview of the theorists who have shaped gender analytical work on the New Testament, especially the application of gender theory in classical studies. It...

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