in The Oxford Handbook of Greek and Roman Coinage
February 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .
Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Historical Archaeology; Egyptology. 8462 words.
Already under the Ptolemies, the coinage of Egypt circulated in a closed currency system: foreign money had to be exchanged for the local currency at the borders, and Egyptian currency...
in The Oxford Handbook of the State in the Ancient Near East and Mediterranean
February 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .
Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Egyptology; Greek and Roman Law; Classical History. 15069 words.
This chapter examines the history of, and the important factors that contributed to, state formation in ancient Egypt during the period from around 3500 BCE to the end of the Ptolemaic...
in The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity
October 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .
Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Ancient Roman History; Egyptology. 14699 words.
This article discusses Egypt in Late Antiquity. Egypt in this period was associated with monasticism, administration, taxes, the Apions, Dioskoros, Alexandria and Coptic art, and has often...
in The Oxford Handbook of Greek and Roman Slaveries
P ublished online October 2016 .
Article. Subjects: Classical History; Middle Eastern Languages; Egyptology. 8489 words.
Graeco-Roman slavery can be properly understood only when compared with slave practices in other ancient societies. This chapter shows that in ancient Israel, Egypt, and Babylonia slavery...